Code: Chapter 8


Vehicles and Traffic


Article 1 General Provisions
Sec. 8-1-10 Definitions
Sec. 8-1-20 Scope and exceptions
Sec. 8-1-30 Local traffic control devices
Sec. 8-1-40 Restriction of right to use highways
Sec. 8-1-50 Obedience to police officers
Sec. 8-1-60 Public officers to obey provisions; exceptions for emergency vehicles
Sec. 8-1-70 Motorized bicycles, toy vehicles and all-terrain recreational vehicles on highways
Sec. 8-1-80 Noninterference with rights of owners of realty
Sec. 8-1-90 Removal of traffic hazard

Article 2 Equipment
Sec. 8-2-10 Obstruction of view or driving mechanism
Sec. 8-2-20 Unsafe vehicles; penalty
Sec. 8-2-30 Unsafe vehicles; spot inspections
Sec. 8-2-40 When lighted lamps are required
Sec. 8-2-50 Head lamps on motor vehicles
Sec. 8-2-60 Tail lamps and reflectors
Sec. 8-2-70 Clearance and identification
Sec. 8-2-80 Stop lamps and turn signals
Sec. 8-2-90 Lamp or flag on projecting load
Sec. 8-2-100 Lamps on parked vehicles
Sec. 8-2-110 Lamps on farm equipment and other vehicles and equipment
Sec. 8-2-120 Spot lamps and auxiliary lamps
Sec. 8-2-130 Audible and visual signals on emergency vehicles
Sec. 8-2-140 Visual signals on service vehicles
Sec. 8-2-150 Signal lamps and devices; additional lighting equipment
Sec. 8-2-160 Multiple-beam road lights
Sec. 8-2-170 Use of multiple-beam lights
Sec. 8-2-180 Single-beam road-lighting equipment
Sec. 8-2-190 Number of lamps permitted
Sec. 8-2-200 Lighting equipment for motorized bicycles and motor-driven cycles
Sec. 8-2-210 Bicycle equipment
Sec. 8-2-220 Volunteer firefighters; volunteer ambulance attendants; special lights and alarm systems
Sec. 8-2-230 Brakes
Sec. 8-2-240 Horns or warning devices
Sec. 8-2-250 Mufflers; prevention of noise
Sec. 8-2-260 Mirrors; exterior placements
Sec. 8-2-270 Windows and windshield wiper requirements
Sec. 8-2-280 Restrictions on tire equipment
Sec. 8-2-290 Safety glazing material in motor vehicles
Sec. 8-2-300 Emergency lighting equipment
Sec. 8-2-310 Parking lights
Sec. 8-2-320 Minimum safety standards for motorcycles and motor-driven cycles
Sec. 8-2-330 Alteration of suspension system
Sec. 8-2-340 Slow-moving vehicles; display of emblem
Sec. 8-2-350 Minimum standards for commercial vehicles
Sec. 8-2-360 Child restraint systems
Sec. 8-2-370 Safety belt systems

Article 3 Size, Weight and Load
Sec. 8-3-10 Size and weight violations; penalty
Sec. 8-3-20 Width of vehicles
Sec. 8-3-30 Projecting loads on passenger vehicles
Sec. 8-3-40 Height and length of vehicles
Sec. 8-3-50 Trailers and towed vehicles
Sec. 8-3-60 Wheel and axle loads
Sec. 8-3-70 Use of streets by vehicles in excess of six thousand pounds empty weight
Sec. 8-3-80 Parking of vehicles in excess of six thousand pounds empty weight
Sec. 8-3-90 Liability for damage to highway

Article 4 Signals, Signs and Markings
Sec. 8-4-10 Official traffic control devices
Sec. 8-4-20 Obedience to official traffic control devices
Sec. 8-4-30 Traffic control signal legend
Sec. 8-4-40 Flashing signals
Sec. 8-4-50 Display of unauthorized signs or devices
Sec. 8-4-60 Interference with official devices
Sec. 8-4-70 Signals by hand or signal device
Sec. 8-4-80 Method of giving hand and arm signals
Sec. 8-4-90 Unauthorized insignia
Sec. 8-4-100 Persons with disabilities; distress flag
Sec. 8-4-110 Inoperative or malfunctioning signals

Article 5 Right-of-Way
Sec. 8-5-10 Vehicles approaching or entering intersection
Sec. 8-5-20 Vehicle turning left
Sec. 8-5-30 Entering through highway; stop or yield intersection
Sec. 8-5-40 Vehicle entering roadway
Sec. 8-5-50 Operation on approach of emergency vehicles
Sec. 8-5-60 Stop when traffic obstructed
Sec. 8-5-70 Emerging from or entering alley, driveway or building
Sec. 8-5-80 Driving in highway work area

Article 6 Pedestrians
Sec. 8-6-10 Pedestrian obedience to traffic control devices and regulations
Sec. 8-6-20 Pedestrians’ right-of-way in crosswalks
Sec. 8-6-30 Crossing at other than crosswalks
Sec. 8-6-40 Pedestrian to use right half of crosswalk
Sec. 8-6-50 Pedestrians walking or traveling in a wheelchair on highways
Sec. 8-6-60 Driving through safety zone prohibited
Sec. 8-6-70 Drivers to exercise due care
Sec. 8-6-80 Yielding to persons with disabilities

Article 7 Turning and Stopping
Sec. 8-7-10 Required position and method of turning
Sec. 8-7-20 Limitations on turning around
Sec. 8-7-30 Turning movements and required signals

Article 8 Driving, Overtaking and Passing
Sec. 8-8-10 Driving on right side; exceptions
Sec. 8-8-20 Passing oncoming vehicles
Sec. 8-8-30 Overtaking a vehicle on the left
Sec. 8-8-40 When overtaking on the right is permitted
Sec. 8-8-50 Limitations on overtaking on the left
Sec. 8-8-60 One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands
Sec. 8-8-70 Driving on roadways laned for traffic
Sec. 8-8-80 Following too closely
Sec. 8-8-90 Coasting prohibited
Sec. 8-8-100 Driving on divided highways

Article 9 Speed Regulations
Sec. 8-9-10 Speed limits
Sec. 8-9-20 Minimum speed regulation
Sec. 8-9-30 Speed contests

Article 10 Parking
Sec. 8-10-10 Starting parked vehicle
Sec. 8-10-20 Abandoned, lost, stolen, junked, wrecked or discarded vehicles on public or private property
Sec. 8-10-30 Parking on public property without owner’s permission
Sec. 8-10-40 Stopping, standing or parking prohibited in specified places
Sec. 8-10-50 Parking at curb or edge of roadway
Sec. 8-10-60 Unattended motor vehicle and parking on private property
Sec. 8-10-70 Opening and closing doors
Sec. 8-10-80 Parking privileges for person with disabilities
Sec. 8-10-90 Owner liability for parking violations
Sec. 8-10-100 Limitations on backing
Sec. 8-10-110 Parking of trailers prohibited

Article 11 Other Offenses
Sec. 8-11-10 Reckless driving
Sec. 8-11-20 Careless driving
Sec. 8-11-30 Following fire apparatus prohibited
Sec. 8-11-40 Crossing fire hose
Sec. 8-11-50 Riding in trailers
Sec. 8-11-60 Foreign matter on highways prohibited
Sec. 8-11-70 Spilling loads on highways prohibited
Sec. 8-11-80 Operation of motor vehicles on property under control of or owned by districts
Sec. 8-11-90 Compulsory insurance
Sec. 8-11-100 Use of earphones while driving
Sec. 8-11-110 Operation of bicycles and other human-powered vehicles
Sec. 8-11-120 Eluding or attempting to elude a police officer
Sec. 8-11-130 Moving construction-related equipment
Sec. 8-11-140 School buses

Article 12 Motorcycles
Sec. 8-12-10 Traffic laws apply to persons operating motorcycles; special permits
Sec. 8-12-20 Riding on motorcycles
Sec. 8-12-30 Operating motorcycles on roadways laned for traffic
Sec. 8-12-40 Clinging to other vehicles

Article 13 Traffic Administration
Sec. 8-13-10 Duties of Police Department
Sec. 8-13-20 Traffic accident reports

Article 14 Penalties and Procedures
Sec. 8-14-10 Penalties
Sec. 8-14-20 Parties to a crime
Sec. 8-14-30 Offenses by persons controlling vehicles
Sec. 8-14-40 Person arrested to be taken before proper court
Sec. 8-14-50 Juveniles
Sec. 8-14-60 Service of summons and complaint or penalty assessment notice
Sec. 8-14-70 Penalty assessment notice for traffic offenses
Sec. 8-14-80 Failure to pay penalty for traffic offenses; procedures
Sec. 8-14-90 Compliance with promise to appear
Sec. 8-14-100 Procedures prescribed not exclusive
Sec. 8-14-110 Convictions, judgments and charges recorded
Sec. 8-14-120 Notice to appear or pay fine; failure to appear; penalty
Sec. 8-14-130 Conviction; attendance at driver improvement school

Article 15 Restrictions on Use of Certain Vehicles
Sec. 8-15-10 Definitions
Sec. 8-15-20 Restrictions on use
Sec. 8-15-30 Minors acting in violation; duty of parent
Sec. 8-15-40 Penalty

Article 16 Impoundment and Disposition of Vehicles
Sec. 8-16-10 Authority for impoundment; vehicles deemed public nuisances
Sec. 8-16-20 Costs, Bond and Retrieval

Article 17 Vehicle Impound Hearings
Sec. 8-17-10 Definitions
Sec. 8-17-20 Vehicle Impoundment Hearing Officers; Hearings
Sec. 8-17-30 Jurisdiction to hold vehicle impoundment hearing
Sec. 8-17-40 Issues and determinations at hearings
Sec. 8-17-50 Issuance, service and enforcement of subpoenas
Sec. 8-17-60 Rules and procedures for vehicle impoundment hearings
Sec. 8-17-70 Decision of vehicle impoundment hearing officer final; appeal

Appx. 8-A Traffic Control Schedules
Schedule I Through Streets
Schedule II Decreased and Increased Speed Limits
Schedule III Parking Prohibited at All Times on Certain Streets
Schedule IV Parking Limited on Certain Streets
Schedule V Right Turn on Steady Red Signals Prohibited
Schedule VI Weight Limitations Upon Vehicles Using Certain Streets
Schedule VII Traffic Signals Authorized

ARTICLE 1
General Provisions

Sec. 8-1-10. Definitions.
As used in this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
Acceleration lane means a speed-change lane, including tapered areas, to enable a vehicle
entering a roadway to increase its speed to a rate at which it can more safely merge with through
traffic.
Alley means a street intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban
areas and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic.
Authorized emergency vehicle means vehicles of the Fire Department, police vehicles,
ambulances and other special-purpose vehicles as are publicly owned and operated by or for a
governmental agency to protect and preserve life and property in accordance with state laws
regulating emergency vehicles. Said term also means such privately owned vehicles as are
designated by the State, necessary for the preservation of life and property, to be equipped and
operated as emergency vehicles in the manner prescribed by state law.
Authorized service vehicle means highway or traffic maintenance vehicles which are publicly
owned and operated on a highway by or for a governmental agency, the function of which requires
the use of service vehicle warning lights as prescribed by state law, and other vehicles having a
public service function, including but not limited to public utility vehicles and tow trucks, as
determined by the State. A vehicle may be designated as both an authorized emergency vehicle
and an authorized service vehicle.
Bicycle means every vehicle, propelled solely by human power applied to pedals, upon which
any person may ride and having two (2) tandem wheels or two (2) parallel wheels and one (1)
forward wheel, all of which are more than fourteen (14) inches in diameter.
Camper coach means an item of mounted equipment, weighing more than five hundred (500)
pounds, which, when temporarily or permanently mounted on a motor vehicle, adapts such vehicle
for use as temporary living or sleeping accommodations.
Child care center means a facility required to be licensed under the “Child Care Act,” Article
6, Title 26, C.R.S.
Child restraint system means any such device which is designed to protect, hold or restrain a
child in a motor vehicle in such a way as to prevent or minimize injury to the child in the event of
a motor vehicle accident, and which conforms to all applicable federal motor vehicle safety
standards.
Commercial vehicle means any self-propelled or towed vehicle bearing an apportioned plate or
having a manufacturer’s gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination rating of ten thousand
one (10,001) pounds or more, which vehicle is used in commerce on the public highways of the
State or is designed to transport sixteen (16) or more passengers, including the driver.
Crosswalk means that portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or
connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections or any portion of a roadway distinctly
indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
Deceleration lane means a speed-change lane, including tapered areas, to enable a vehicle that
is to make an exit turn from a roadway to slow to the safe speed on the ramp ahead after it has left
the mainstream of faster-moving traffic.
Divided highway means a highway with separated roadways usually for traffic moving in
opposite directions, such separation being indicated by depressed dividing strips, raised curbs,
traffic islands or other physical barriers so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic or otherwise
indicated by standard pavement markings or other official traffic control devices as prescribed in
the state traffic control manual.
Driver means every person, including a minor driver under the age of eighteen (18) years and a
provisional driver under the age of twenty-one (21) years, who drives or is in actual physical
control of a vehicle.
Empty weight means the weight of any motor vehicle or trailer, or any combination thereof,
including the operating body and accessories, as determined by weighing on a scale approved by
the Colorado Department of Transportation.
Farm tractor means every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for
drawing plows and mowing machines and other implements of husbandry.
Highway means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained
when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel or the entire
width of every way declared to be a public highway by any state law.
Implement of husbandry means every vehicle which is designed for agricultural purposes. It
also includes equipment used solely for the application of liquid, gaseous and dry fertilizers.
Transportation of fertilizer, in or on the equipment used for its application, shall be deemed a part
of the application if it is incidental to such application. It also includes hay balers, hay-stacking
equipment, combines, tillage and harvesting equipment and other heavy movable farm equipment
primarily used on farms and not on the highways. Trailers specially designed to move such
equipment on highways shall, for the purposes of Part 4 of Article 4 of Title 42, C.R.S., be
considered as component parts of such implements of husbandry.
Intersection means the area embraced within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines or, if
none, the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two (2) highways which join one another at, or
approximately at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways
joining at any other angle may come in conflict. Where a highway includes two (2) roadways
thirty (30) feet or more apart, every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an
intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting
highway also includes two (2) roadways thirty (30) feet or more apart, every crossing of two (2)
roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection. The junction of an alley
with a street or highway does not constitute an intersection.
Lane means the portion of a roadway for the movement of a single line of vehicles.
Laned highway means a highway the roadway of which is divided into two (2) or more clearly
marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
Manufactured home means any preconstructed building unit or combination of reconstructed
building units, without motive power, where such unit is manufactured in a factory or at a location
other than the residential site of the completed home, is designed and commonly used for
occupancy by persons for residential purposes, in either a temporary or permanent location, and is
not licensed as a vehicle.
Markings means all lines, patterns, words, colors or other devices, except signs, set into the
surface of, applied upon or attached to the pavement or curbing or to objects within or adjacent to
the roadway, conforming to the state traffic control manual and officially placed for the purpose of
regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
Mobile machinery or self-propelled construction equipment means those vehicles, selfpropelled
or otherwise, which are not designed primarily for the transportation of persons or cargo
over the public highways, those motor vehicles which may have originally been designed for the
transportation of persons or cargo over the public highways, and those motor vehicles which may
have originally been designed for the transportation of persons or cargo but which have been
redesigned or modified by the mounting thereon of special equipment or machinery; and which
may be only incidentally operated or moved over the public highways. This definition includes
but is not limited to wheeled vehicles commonly used in the construction, maintenance and repair
of roadways, the drilling of wells and the digging of ditches.
Motor home means a vehicle designed to provide temporary living quarters and built into, as an
integral part of or a permanent attachment to, a motor vehicle chassis or van.
Motor vehicle means any self-propelled vehicle which is designed primarily for travel on the
public highways and which is generally and commonly used to transport persons and property
over the public highways; however, the term does not include motorized bicycles wheelchairs as
defined herein or vehicles moved solely by human power.
Motorcycle means every motor vehicle designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in
contact with the ground, except any such vehicle as may be included within the term farm tractor
and except a motorized bicycle as defined herein.
Motor-driven cycle means every motorcycle, including every motorscooter, with a motor
which produces not to exceed six-brake horsepower, and every bicycle with a motor attached, but
not trail bikes, minibikes, go-carts, golf carts and similar vehicles which are not designed for or
approved by the Colorado Department of Transportation for use on the public roads or highways
and not motorized bicycles as defined herein.
Motorized bicycle means a vehicle having two (2) or three (3) wheels, a cylinder capacity not
exceeding fifty (50) C.C. and an automatic transmission which produces a maximum design speed
of thirty (30) miles per hour on a flat surface.
Motorscooter and motor bicycle mean every motor vehicle designed to travel on not more than
three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, except any such vehicle as may be included within the
term farm tractor or motorized bicycle as defined herein, which motor vehicle is powered by an
engine not to exceed six-brake horsepower.
Mounted equipment means any item of tangible personal property weighing more than five
hundred (500) pounds which is rigidly mounted on or attached to a vehicle subsequent to its
manufacture and which, when so mounted on or attached to a vehicle, becomes an integral part
thereof essential to the operation of such vehicle in carrying out and accomplishing the purpose for
which such vehicle is being used.
Noncommercial vehicle means a truck operated singly or in combination with a trailer or utility
trailer, when the truck does not exceed six thousand five hundred (6,500) pounds, or a motor
home, which truck or motor home is used elusively for pleasure, enjoyment, other recreational
purposes or family transportation of the owner, lessee or occupant and is not to transport cargo or
passengers for profit, hire or otherwise in any business or commercial enterprise.
Official traffic control device means any sign, signal, marking and device, consistent with this
Chapter, placed or displayed by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the
purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic.
Owner means a person who holds the legal title of a vehicle or, if a vehicle is the subject of an
agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase upon performance of
the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the
conditional vendee or lessee; or if a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, such
conditional vendee, lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner for the purpose of this
Chapter. The term also includes parties otherwise having lawful use or control or the right to use
or control a vehicle for a period of thirty (30) days or more.
Park or parking means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, other than very
briefly for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or
passengers.
Pedestrian means any person on foot.
Pneumatic tires means all tires inflated with compressed air.
Pole, pipe trailer or dolly means every vehicle of the trailer type having one (1) or more axles
not more than forty-eight (48) inches apart and two (2) or more wheels used in connection with a
motor vehicle solely for the purpose of transporting poles or pipes and connected with the towing
vehicle both by chain, rope or cable and by the load, without any part of the weight of said dolly
resting upon the towing vehicle. All the registration provisions of Articles 1 to 4 of Title 42,
C.R.S., shall apply to every pole, pipe trailer or dolly.
Private road or driveway means every road or driveway not open to the use of the public for
purposes of vehicular travel.
Right-of-way means the right of one (1) vehicle operator or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful
manner in preference to another vehicle operator or pedestrian approaching under such
circumstances of direction, speed and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one
(1) grants precedence to the other.
Road means any highway.
Roadway means that portion of a highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular
travel, exclusive of the sidewalk, berm or shoulder, even though such sidewalk, berm or shoulder
is used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles, and exclusive of that portion
of a highway designated for exclusive use as a bicycle path or reserved for the exclusive use of
bicycles, human-powered vehicles or pedestrians. In the event that a highway includes two (2) or
more separate roadways, roadway refers to any such roadway separately but not to all such
roadways collectively.
Safety belt means a lap belt, a shoulder belt or any other belt or combination of belts installed
in a motor vehicle to restrain drivers and passengers, except any such belt which is physically a
part of a child restraint system. Safety belt includes the anchorages, the buckles and all other
equipment directly related to the operation of safety belts.
Safety belt system means a system utilizing a lap belt, a shoulder belt or any other belt or
combination of belts installed in a motor vehicle to restrain drivers and passengers, which system
conforms to federal motor vehicle safety standards.
Safety zone means the area or space officially set aside within a highway for the exclusive use
of pedestrians and which is so plainly marked or indicated by proper signs as to be plainly visible
at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
School bus means every motor vehicle which is owned by a public or governmental agency and
operated for the transportation of children to or from school or which is privately owned and
operated for compensation; however, it does not include informal or intermittent arrangements,
such as sharing of actual gasoline expense or participation in a car pool, for the transportation of
children to or from school.
Seating position means any motor vehicle interior space intended by the motor vehicle
manufacturer to provide seating accommodations while the motor vehicle is in motion.
Semi-trailer means any wheeled vehicle without motor power, designed to be used in
conjunction with a laden or unladen truck tractor so that some part of its own weight and that of its
cargo load rests upon or is carried by such laden or unladen truck tractor, and that is generally and
commonly used to carry and transport property over the public highways.
Sidewalk means that portion of a street between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway
and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
Snowplow means any vehicle originally designed for highway snow and ice removal or control
or subsequently adapted for such purposes which is operated by or for the State or any political
subdivision thereof.
Solid rubber tires means every tire made of rubber other than pneumatic tires.
Stand or standing means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, other than
momentarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
State means the State of Colorado.
Stop or stopping means, when prohibited, any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether
occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with
the directions of a police officer or official traffic control device.
Stop line means a line which indicates where drivers shall stop when directed by an official
traffic control device or a police officer.
Through highway means every highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given
preferential right-of-way and at the entrances to which other vehicular traffic from intersecting
highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such through highway in
obedience to a stop sign, yield sign or other official traffic control device when such signs or
devices are erected as provided by law.
Trailer means any wheeled vehicle, without motive power and having an empty weight of
more than two thousand (2,000) pounds, which is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and to
carry its cargo load wholly upon its own structure and which is generally and commonly used to
carry and transport property over the public highways.
Transporter means every person engaged in the business of delivering vehicles of a type
required to be registered under Articles 1 to 4 of Title 42, C.R.S., from the manufacturing,
assembling or distributing plant to dealers or sales agents of a manufacturer.
Truck means any motor vehicle equipped with a body designed to carry property and which is
generally and commonly used to carry and transport property over the public highways.
Truck tractor, laden or laden truck tractor means any motor vehicle carrying cargo or designed
to carry cargo that is generally and commonly designed and used to draw a semi-trailer or trailer
and its cargo load over the public highways.
Truck tractor, unladen or unladen truck tractor means any motor vehicle not carrying cargo
that is generally and commonly designed and used to draw a semi-trailer or trailer and its cargo
load over the public highways.
Utility trailer means any wheeled vehicle weighing two thousand (2,000) pounds or less,
without motive power, which is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and which is generally or
commonly used to carry and transport personal effects, articles of household furniture, loads of
trash and rubbish or no more than two (2) horses over the public highways.
Vehicle means any device which is capable of moving itself, or of being moved, from place to
place upon wheels or endless tracks. Vehicle includes any bicycle, but such term does not include
any wheelchair as defined herein, any off-highway vehicle as defined in Section 33-14.5-101(3),
C.R.S., any snowmobile, arm tractor or implement of husbandry designed primarily or exclusively
for use and used in agricultural operations, or any device moved by muscular power or moved
exclusively over stationary rails or tracks or designed to move primarily through the air.
Wheelchair means a motorized or nonmotorized wheeled device designed for use by a person
with a physical disability. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1

Sec. 8-1-20. Scope and exceptions.
(a) This Chapter shall constitute the traffic code throughout the Town.
(b) The provisions of this Chapter relating to the operation of vehicles and the movement of
pedestrians refer exclusively to the use of streets and highways except:
(1) Where a different place is specifically referred to in a given section; and/or
(2) For Sections 8-11-10 and 8-11-20 of this Chapter, which shall apply upon highways and
elsewhere throughout the Town. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-1-30. Local traffic control devices.
The Town shall place and maintain such traffic control devices upon highways under its
jurisdiction, except those designated as state highways, as it deems necessary to indicate and to carry
out the provisions of this Chapter or local traffic ordinances to regulate, warn or guide traffic. All
such traffic control devices shall conform to the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for
Streets and Highways, as provided in Section 42-4-104, C.R.S. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-1-40. Restriction of right to use highways.
(a) The Town may, with respect to any highway under its jurisdiction, by ordinance or resolution
prohibit the operation of vehicles upon any such highway or impose restrictions as to the weight of
vehicles to be operated upon any such highway, for a total period of no more than ninety (90) days in
any one (1) calendar year, whenever any such highway, by reason of deterioration, rain, snow or other
climatic conditions, will be seriously damaged or destroyed unless the use of vehicles thereon is
prohibited or the permissible weights thereof reduced.
(b) After enacting any such ordinance, signs designating the permissible weights shall be erected
and maintained.
(c) The Town, with respect to highways under its jurisdiction, may also, by ordinance or
resolution, prohibit the operation of trucks or other commercial vehicles on designated highways or
may impose limitations as to the weight thereof, which prohibitions and limitations shall be
designated by appropriate signs placed on such highways.
(d) The Town may designate certain streets within the Town as snow routes and post signs along
those routes advising of their designation.
(1) Whenever there is any covering or coating of snow, sleet or ice on any street designated as
a snow route in the Town or during emergency snow conditions, no person in charge of a motor
vehicle operated on any such street shall allow the vehicle to remain parked on such street.
(2) Any vehicle parked or stopped unattended on such street shall be subject to immediate
removal.
(3) Neither the Town nor any person acting under its direction shall be financially responsible
for any damage to such vehicle occasioned by such removal.
(4) Any person who is convicted of or who pleads guilty or no contest to a violation of this
Section shall be subject to a fine of not more than four hundred ninety-nine dollars ($499.00) for
each violation. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-1-50. Obedience to police officers.
No person shall willfully fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order or direction of any police
officer invested by law with authority to direct, control or regulate traffic. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-1-60. Public officers to obey provisions; exceptions for emergency vehicles.
(a) The provisions of this Chapter are applicable to the drivers of all vehicles owned or operated
by the United States, the State or any county, city, town, district or other political subdivision of the
State, subject to such specific exceptions as are set forth in this Chapter with reference to authorized
emergency vehicles.
(b) The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle, when responding to an emergency call, when
in pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law or when responding to but not returning from a
fire alarm, may exercise the privileges set forth in this Section, but subject to the conditions stated in
this Chapter. The driver of an authorized emergency vehicle may:
(1) Park or stand, irrespective of the provisions of this Chapter or state law;
(2) Proceed past a red or stop signal or stop sign, but only after slowing down as may be
necessary for safe operation;
(3) Exceed the lawful speeds set forth in Article 9 of this Chapter, so long as said driver does
not endanger life or property; or
(4) Disregard regulations governing directions of movement or turning in specified directions.
(c) The exemptions granted in Subsection (b) above shall apply only when an authorized
emergency vehicle is making use of audible and visual signals meeting the requirements of Section 8-
2-130 of this Chapter, and the exemption granted in Subsection (b)(1) above shall apply only when
such vehicle is making use of visual signals meeting the requirements of Section 8-2-130, unless
using such visual signals would cause an obstruction to the normal flow of traffic; except that an
authorized emergency vehicle being operated as a police vehicle while in actual pursuit of a suspected
violator of any provision of this Chapter need not display or make use of audible and visual signals so
long as such pursuit is being made to obtain verification of or evidence of the guilt of the suspected
violator. Nothing in this Section shall require an emergency vehicle to make use of audible signals
when such vehicle is not moving, whether or not the vehicle is occupied.
(d) The provisions of this Section shall not relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle
from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons, nor shall such provisions protect
the driver from the consequences of such driver’s reckless disregard for the safety of others. (Ord.
2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-1-70. Motorized bicycles, toy vehicles and all-terrain recreational vehicles on highways.
(a) Every person riding a motorized bicycle upon a roadway where motorized bicycle travel is
permitted shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties and penalties
applicable to the driver of a vehicle as set forth in this Chapter, except those provisions of this
Chapter which, by their very nature, can have no application. Whenever the word vehicle is used in
any of the driving rules set forth in this Article that are applicable to motorized bicycle riders, such
term shall include motorized bicycles.
(b) A person riding a motorized bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and
regular seat attached thereto.
(c) No motorized bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one (1) time than the number for
which it is designed and equipped.
(d) No person riding upon any motorized bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall
attach the same or himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
(e) Every person operating a motorized bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as close to the right
side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one
proceeding in the same direction.
(f) Persons riding motorized bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two (2) abreast
except on lanes or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
(g) Persons riding or leading animals on or along any highway shall ride or lead such animals on
the left side of said highway, facing approaching traffic. This shall not apply to persons driving herds
of animals along highways.
(h) No person shall use the highways for traveling on skis, toboggans, coasting sleds, skates or
similar devices. It is unlawful for any person to use any roadway of the State as a sled or ski course
for the purpose of coasting on sleds, skis or similar devices. It is also unlawful for any person upon
roller skates, or riding in or by means of any coaster, toy vehicle or similar device, to go upon any
roadway except while crossing a highway in a crosswalk; and when so crossing, such person shall be
granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to pedestrians.
(i) Every person riding or leading an animal or driving any animal-drawn conveyance upon a
roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the
driver of a vehicle by this Chapter, except those provisions of this Chapter which by their very nature
can have no application.
(j) The parent of any child or guardian of any ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit any
child or ward to violate this Section. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-1-80. Noninterference with rights of owners of realty.
Nothing in this Chapter shall be construed to prevent the owner of real property used by the public
for purposes of vehicular travel by permission of the owner and not as a matter of right from
prohibiting the use or from requiring other or different or additional conditions than those specified in
this Chapter, or from otherwise regulating such use as may seem best to such owner. (Ord. 2001-4§1)

Sec. 8-1-90. Removal of traffic hazard.
(a) The Town may by written notice require the owner of real property abutting the right-of-way
of any highway, sidewalk or other public way to trim or remove, at the expense of said property
owner, any tree limb or any shrub, vine, hedge or other plant which projects beyond the property line
of such owner onto or over the public right-of-way and thereby obstructs the view of traffic, obscures
any traffic control device or otherwise constitutes a hazard to drivers or pedestrians.
(b) It is the duty of every property owner to remove any dead, overhanging boughs of trees
located on the premises of such property owner that endanger life or property on the public right-ofway.
(c) In the event that any property owner fails or neglects to trim or remove any such tree limb or
any such shrub, vine, hedge or other plant within ten (10) days after receipt of written notice from the
Town, the Town may do or cause to be done the necessary work incident thereto, and said property
owner shall reimburse the Town for the cost of the work performed. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 2
Equipment

Sec. 8-2-10. Obstruction of view or driving mechanism.
(a) No person shall drive a vehicle when it is so loaded or when there are in the front seat such
number of persons, exceeding three (3), as to obstruct the view of the driver to the front or sides of
the vehicle or as to interfere with the driver’s control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
(b) No person shall knowingly drive a vehicle while a passenger therein is riding in any manner
which endangers the safety of such passenger or others.
(c) No person shall drive any motor vehicle equipped with any television viewer, screen or other
means of visually receiving a television broadcast which is located in the motor vehicle at any point
forward of the back of the driver’s seat or which is visible to the driver while operating the motor
vehicle. The provisions of this Subsection shall not be interpreted to prohibit the usage of any
computer, data terminal or other similar device in a motor vehicle.
(d) No vehicle shall be operated upon any highway unless the driver’s vision through any
required glass equipment is normal and unobstructed.
(e) No passenger in a vehicle shall ride in such position as to create a hazard for such passenger
or others, to interfere with the driver’s view ahead or to the sides or to interfere with the driver’s
control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle; nor shall the driver of a vehicle permit any
passenger therein to ride in such manner.
(f) No person shall hang on or otherwise attach himself or herself to the outside, top, hood or
fenders of any vehicle, or to any other portion thereof, other than the specific enclosed portion of such
vehicle intended for passengers or while in a sitting position in the cargo area of a vehicle if such area
is fully or partially enclosed on all four (4) sides, while the same is in motion; nor shall the operator
knowingly permit any person to hang on or otherwise attach himself or herself to the outside, top,
hood or fenders of any vehicle or any other portion thereof, other than the specific enclosed portion of
such vehicle intended for passengers or while in a sitting position in the cargo area of a vehicle if such
area is fully or partially enclosed on all four (4) sides, while the same is in motion. This Subsection
shall not apply to parades, caravans or exhibitions which are officially authorized or otherwise
permitted by law.
(g) This Section shall not apply to a vehicle owned by the United States government or any
agency or instrumentality thereof, to a vehicle owned by the State or any of its political subdivisions
or to a privately owned vehicle when operating in a governmental subdivision or under permit issued
by the State, when in the performance of their duties persons are required to stand or sit on the
exterior of the vehicle and said vehicle is equipped with adequate handrails and safeguards. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-20. Unsafe vehicles; penalty.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to drive or move or for the owner to cause or knowingly permit
to be driven or moved on any highway any vehicle or combination of vehicles which is in such unsafe
condition as to endanger any person, or which does not contain those parts or is not at all times
equipped with such lamps and other equipment in proper condition and adjustment, or which is
equipped in a manner in violation of this Article.
(b) This Section shall not apply to implements of husbandry or farm tractors.
(c) Nothing in this Article shall be construed to prohibit the use of additional parts and
accessories on any vehicle, consistent with the provisions of this Article and state law. (Ord. 2001-4§1)

Sec. 8-2-30. Unsafe vehicles; spot inspections.
Uniformed police officers, at any time upon reasonable cause, may require the driver of a vehicle
to stop and submit such vehicle and its equipment to an inspection and such test with reference
thereto as may be appropriate. The fact that a vehicle is an older model vehicle shall not alone
constitute reasonable cause. If such vehicle is found to be in an unsafe condition or the required
equipment is not present or is not in proper repair and adjustment, the officer may give a written
notice and issue a summons to the driver. Said notice shall require that such vehicle be placed in safe
condition and properly equipped or that its equipment be placed in proper repair and adjustment, the
particulars of which shall be specified on said notice. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-40. When lighted lamps are required.
(a) Every vehicle upon a highway within the Town, between sunset and sunrise and at any other
time when, due to insufficient light or unfavorable atmospheric conditions, persons and vehicles on
the highway are not clearly discernible at a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet ahead, shall display
lighted lamps and illuminating devices as required by this Chapter for different classes of vehicles,
subject to exceptions with respect to parked vehicles.
(b) Whenever a requirement is declared by this Chapter as to the distance from which certain
lamps and devices shall render objects visible or within which such lamps or devices shall be visible,
said provisions shall apply during the times stated in Subsection (a) above in respect to a vehicle
without load when upon a straight, level, unlighted highway under normal atmospheric conditions,
unless a different time or condition is expressly stated.
(c) Whenever a requirement is declared by this Chapter as to the mounted height of lamps or
devices, it shall mean from the center of such lamp or device to the level ground upon which the
vehicle stands when such vehicle is without a load. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-50. Head lamps on motor vehicles.
(a) Every motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle shall be equipped with at
least two (2) head lamps with at least one (1) on each side of the front of the motor vehicle, which
head lamps shall comply with the requirements and limitations of this Article.
(b) Every motorcycle and every motor-driven cycle shall be equipped with at least one (1) and
not more than two (2) head lamps which shall comply with the requirements and limitations of this
Article.
(c) Every head lamp upon every motor vehicle, including every motorcycle and motor-driven
cycle, shall be located at a height measured from the center of the head lamp of not more than fiftyfour
(54) inches nor less than twenty-four (24) inches. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-60. Tail lamps and reflectors.
(a) Every motor vehicle, trailer, semi-trailer and pole trailer, and any other vehicle which is being
drawn at the end of a train of vehicles, shall be equipped with at least one (1) tail lamp mounted on
the rear which, when lighted, shall emit a red light plainly visible from a distance of five hundred
(500) feet to the rear; however, in the case of a train of vehicles, only the tail lamp on the rearmost
vehicle need actually be seen from the distance specified. Every such vehicle registered in the State
and manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1958, shall be equipped with at least two (2) tail
lamps mounted on the rear, on the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, which,
when lighted, shall comply with this Section.
(b) Every tail lamp upon every vehicle shall be located at a height of not more than seventy-two
(72) inches nor less than twenty (20) inches.
(c) Either a tail lamp or a separate lamp shall be so constructed and placed as to illuminate with a
white light the rear registration plate and render it clearly legible from a distance of fifty (50) feet to
the rear. All tail lamps and separate lamps for illuminating the rear registration plate shall be wired as
to be lighted whenever the head lamps or auxiliary driving lamps are lighted.
(d) Every new motor vehicle operated upon a highway shall carry on the rear, whether as a part
of the tail lamps or separately, two (2) red reflectors; except that every motorcycle and every motordriven
cycle shall carry at least one (1) reflector meeting the requirements of this Section, and
vehicles of the type mentioned in Section 8-2-70 below shall be equipped with reflectors as required
in those sections applicable thereto.
(e) Every reflector shall be mounted on the vehicle at a height of not less than twenty (20) inches
nor more than sixty (60) inches and shall be of such size and characteristics and so mounted as to be
visible at night from all distances within three hundred fifty (350) feet to one hundred (100) feet from
such vehicle when directly in front of lawful upper beams and head lamps; except that visibility from
a greater distance is required by law of reflectors on certain types of vehicles. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-70. Clearance and identification.
(a) Every vehicle designed or used for the transportation of property or for the transportation of
persons shall display lighted lamps at the times mentioned in Section 8-2-40 above and as required by
this Section.
(b) Clearance lamps.
(1) Every motor vehicle or motor-drawn vehicle having a width at any part in excess of eighty
(80) inches shall be equipped with four (4) clearance lamps located as follows:
a. Two (2) on the front and one (1) at each side, displaying an amber light visible from a
distance of five hundred (500) feet to the front of the vehicle; and
b. Two (2) on the rear and one (1) at each side, displaying a red light visible only to the
rear and visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear of the vehicle, which rear
clearance lamps shall be in addition to the rear red lamp required by Section 8-2-60 above.
(2) All clearance lamps required shall be placed on the extreme sides and located on the
highest stationary support, except that, when three (3) or more identification lamps are mounted on
the rear of a vehicle on the vertical center line and at the extreme height of the vehicle, rear
clearance lamps may be mounted at an optional height.
(3) Any trailer, when operated in conjunction with a vehicle which is properly equipped with
front clearance lamps as provided in this Section, may be but is not required to be equipped with
front clearance lamps if the towing vehicle is of an equal or greater width than the towed vehicle.
(4) All clearance lamps required in this Section shall be of a type approved by the State.
(c) Side marker lamps.
(1) Every motor vehicle, motor-drawn vehicle or combination of such vehicles which exceeds
thirty (30) feet in overall length shall be equipped with four (4) marker lamps located as follows:
a. One (1) on each side near the front displaying an amber light visible from a distance of
five hundred (500) feet to the side of the vehicle on which it is located; and
b. One (1) on each side near the rear displaying a red light visible from a distance of five
hundred (500) feet to the side of the vehicle on which it is located; however, the rear marker
light shall not be placed as to be visible from the front of the vehicle.
(2) Each side marker lamp required shall be located not less than fifteen (15) inches above the
level on which the vehicle stands.
(3) If the clearance lamps required by this Section are of such a design as to display lights
visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet at right angles to the sides of the vehicles, they
shall be deemed to meet the requirements as to marker lamps in this Subsection.
(4) All marker lamps shall be of a type approved by the State.
(d) Clearance reflectors.
(1) Every motor vehicle having a width at any part in excess of eighty (80) inches shall be
equipped with clearance reflectors located as follows:
a. Two (2) red reflectors on the rear and one (1) at each side, located not more than one (1)
inch from the extreme outside edges of the vehicle; and
b. All such reflectors shall be located not more than sixty (60) inches nor less than fifteen
(15) inches above the level on which the vehicle stands.
(2) One (1) or both of the required rear red reflectors may be incorporated within the tail lamp
or tail lamps if any such tail lamps meet the location limits specified for reflectors.
(3) All clearance reflectors shall be of a type approved by the State.
(e) Side marker reflectors.
(1) Every motor vehicle or motor-drawn vehicle or combination of vehicles which exceeds
thirty (30) feet in overall length shall be equipped with four (4) side marker reflectors located as
follows:
a. One (1) amber reflector on each side near the front; and
b. One (1) red reflector on each side near the rear.
(2) Each side marker reflector shall be located not more than sixty (60) inches nor less than
fifteen (15) inches above the level on which the vehicle stands.
(3) All side marker reflectors shall be of a type approved by the State.
(f) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to supersede any federal motor vehicle safety
standard. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-80. Stop lamps and turn signals.
(a) Every motor vehicle or motor-drawn vehicle shall be equipped with a stop light in good
working order at all times and shall meet the requirements of Section 8-2-150 of this Article.
(b) No person shall sell, offer for sale or operate on the highways any motor vehicle registered in
the State and manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1958, unless it is equipped with at least two
(2) stop lamps meeting the requirements of Subsection 8-2-150(a) of this Article; except that a
motorcycle, motor-driven cycle or truck tractor manufactured or assembled after said date shall be
equipped with at least one (1) stop lamp meeting the requirements of Subsection 8-2-150(a).
(c) No person shall sell, offer for sale or operate on the highway any motor vehicle, trailer or
semi-trailer registered in the State and manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1958, when the
distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the left outside limit of the body, cab or load
of such motor vehicle exceeds twenty-four (24) inches, unless it is equipped with electrical turn
signals meeting the requirements of Subsection 8-2-150(b). This Subsection shall not apply to any
motorcycle or motor-driven cycle. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-90. Lamp or flag on projecting load.
When the load upon any vehicle extends to the rear four (4) feet or more beyond the bed or body
of such vehicle, there shall be displayed at the extreme rear end of the load, at the time specified in
Section 8-2-40 above, a red light or lantern plainly visible from a distance of at least five hundred
(500) feet to the sides and rear. The red light or lantern required by this Section shall be in addition to
the red rear light required upon every vehicle. At any other time, there shall be displayed at the
extreme rear end of such load a red flag or cloth not less than twelve (12) inches square and so hung
that the entire area is visible to the driver of a vehicle approaching from the rear. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-100. Lamps on parked vehicles.
(a) When a vehicle is lawfully parked upon a highway during the hours between sunset and
sunrise and in the event there is sufficient light to reveal any person or object within a distance of one
thousand (1,000) feet upon such highway, no lights need be displayed upon such parked vehicle.
(b) When a vehicle is parked or stopped upon a roadway or shoulder adjacent thereto, whether
attended or unattended, during the hours between sunset and sunrise and there is not sufficient light to
reveal any person or object within a distance of one thousand (1,000) feet upon such highway, such
vehicle so parked or stopped shall be equipped with one (1) or more operating lamps meeting the
following requirements: at least one (1) lamp shall display a white or amber light visible from a
distance of five hundred (500) feet to the front of the vehicle, and the same lamp or at least one (1)
other lamp shall display a red light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear of the
vehicle. The location of said lamps shall always be such that at least one (1) lamp or combination of
lamps meeting the requirements of this Section is installed as near as practicable to the side of the
vehicle which is closer to passing traffic. This Subsection shall not apply to a motor-driven cycle.
(c) Any lighted head lamps upon a parked vehicle shall be depressed or dimmed. (Ord. 2001-4§1)

Sec. 8-2-110. Lamps on farm equipment and other vehicles and equipment.
(a) Every farm tractor and every self-propelled farm equipment unit or implement of husbandry
not equipped with an electric lighting system shall, at all times mentioned in Section 8-2-40 of this
Article, be equipped with at least one (1) lamp displaying a white light visible from a distance of not
less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of such vehicle and shall also be equipped with at least
one (1) lamp displaying a red light visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to
the rear of such vehicle.
(b) Every self-propelled unit of farm equipment not equipped with an electric lighting system
shall, at all times mentioned in Section 8-2-40, in addition to the lamps required in Subsection (a)
above, be equipped with two (2) red reflectors visible from all distances within six hundred (600) feet
to one hundred (100) feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps.
(c) Every combination of farm tractor and towed unit of farm equipment or implement of
husbandry not equipped with an electric lighting system shall, at all times mentioned in Section 8-2-
40, be equipped with the following lamps:
(1) At least one (1) lamp mounted to indicate as nearly as practicable to the extreme left
projection of said combination and displaying a white light visible from a distance of not less than
five hundred (500) feet to the front of said combination; and
(2) Two (2) lamps each displaying a red light visible when lighted from a distance of not less
than five hundred (500) feet to the rear of said combination or, as an alternative, at least one (1)
lamp displaying a red light visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the
rear thereof and two (2) red reflectors visible from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to
one hundred (100) feet to the rear thereof when illuminated by the upper beams of head lamps.
(d) Every farm tractor and every self-propelled unit of farm equipment or implement of
husbandry equipped with an electric lighting system shall, at all times required by Section 8-2-40, be
equipped with two (2) single-beam head lamps meeting the requirements of Section 8-2-160 or 8-2-
180 below, respectively, and at least one (1) red lamp visible from a distance of not less than five
hundred (500) feet to the rear. However, every such self-propelled unit of farm equipment other than
a farm tractor shall have two (2) such red lamps or, as an alternative, one (1) such red lamp and two
(2) red reflectors visible from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet
when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps.
(e) Every combination of farm tractor and towed farm equipment or towed implement of
husbandry equipped with an electric lighting system shall, at all times required by Section 8-2-40, be
equipped with lamps as follows:
(1) The farm tractor element of every such combination shall be equipped as required in
Subsection (d) above.
(2) The towed unit of farm equipment or implement of husbandry element of such
combination shall be equipped with two (2) red lamps visible from a distance of not less than five
hundred (500) feet to the rear or, as an alternative, two (2) red reflectors visible from all distances
within six hundred (600) feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head
lamps.
(f) Said combinations shall also be equipped with a lamp displaying a white or amber light, or
any shade of color between white and amber, visible from a distance of not less than five hundred
(500) feet to the front and a lamp displaying a red light visible when lighted from a distance of not
less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear.
(g) The lamps and reflectors required by this Section shall be so positioned as to show from front
and rear as nearly as practicable the extreme projection of the vehicle carrying them on the side of the
roadway used in passing such vehicle. If a farm tractor or a unit of farm equipment, whether selfpropelled
or towed, is equipped with two (2) or more lamps or reflectors visible from the rear, such
lamps or reflectors shall be so positioned that the extreme projections, both to the right and to the left
of said vehicle, shall be indicated as nearly as practicable.
(h) Every vehicle, including animal-drawn vehicles and vehicles not specifically required by the
provisions of this Chapter to be equipped with lamps or other lighting devices, shall, at all times
specified in Section 8-2-40, be equipped with at least one (1) lamp displaying a white light visible
from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of said vehicle and shall also be
equipped with two (2) lamps displaying red lights visible from a distance of not less than five hundred
(500) feet to the rear of said vehicle or, as an alternative, one (1) lamp displaying a red light visible
from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear and two (2) red reflectors visible
for distances of one hundred (100) to six hundred (600) feet to the rear when illuminated by the upper
beams of head lamps. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-120. Spot lamps and auxiliary lamps.
(a) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) spot lamps, and every lighted
spot lamp shall be so aimed and used upon approaching another vehicle that no part of the highintensity
portion of the beam will be directed to the left of the prolongation of the extreme left side of
the vehicle nor more than one hundred (100) feet ahead of the vehicle.
(b) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) fog lamps mounted on the front
at a height not less than twelve (12) inches nor more than thirty (30) inches above the level surface
upon which the vehicle stands and so aimed that, when the vehicle is not loaded, none of the highintensity
portions of the light to the left of the center of the vehicle shall, at a distance of twenty-five
(25) feet ahead, project higher than a level four (4) inches below the level of the center of the lamp
from which it comes. Lighted fog lamps meeting the requirements of this Subsection may be used
with lower head-lamp beams as specified in Paragraph 8-2-160(a)(2) below.
(c) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) auxiliary passing lamps
mounted on the front at a height not less than twenty (20) inches nor more than forty-two (42) inches
above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands. The provisions of Section 8-2-160 below shall
apply to any combination of head lamps and auxiliary passing lamps.
(d) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) auxiliary driving lamps
mounted on the front at a height not less than sixteen (16) inches nor more than forty-two (42) inches
above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands. The provisions of Section 8-2-160 shall apply
to any combination of head lamps and auxiliary lamps. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-130. Audible and visual signals on emergency vehicles.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section or in Section 8-2-220 of this Article in the case
of volunteer fire vehicles and volunteer ambulances, every authorized emergency vehicle shall, in
addition to any other equipment and distinctive markings required by this Chapter, be equipped at a
minimum with a siren and a horn. Such devices shall be capable of emitting a sound audible under
normal conditions from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet.
(b) Every authorized emergency vehicle, except those used as undercover vehicles by
governmental agencies, shall, in addition to any other equipment and distinctive markings required by
this Chapter, be equipped with at least one (1) signal lamp mounted as high as practicable, which
shall be capable of displaying a flashing, oscillating or rotating red light to the front and to the rear
having sufficient intensity to be visible at five hundred (500) feet in normal sunlight. In addition to
the required red light, flashing, oscillating or rotating signal lights may be used which emit blue,
white or blue in combination with white.
(c) A police vehicle, when used as an authorized emergency vehicle, may but need not be
equipped with the red lights specified in this Section.
(d) Any authorized emergency vehicle, including those authorized by Section 8-2-220 of this
Article, may be equipped with green flashing lights, mounted at sufficient height and having
sufficient intensity to be visible at five hundred (500) feet in all directions in normal daylight. Such
lights may only be used at the single designated command post at any emergency location or incident
and only when such command post is stationary. The single command post shall be designated by the
on-scene incident commander in accordance with local or state government emergency plans. Any
other use of a green light by a vehicle shall constitute a violation of this Section.
(e) The use of either the audible or the visual signal equipment described in this Section shall
impose upon drivers of other vehicles the obligation to yield right-of-way and stop. (Ord. 2001-4 §1;
Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-140. Visual signals on service vehicles.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, on or after January 1, 1978, every authorized
service vehicle shall, in addition to any other equipment required by this Chapter, be equipped with
one (1) or more warning lamps mounted as high as practicable, which shall be capable of displaying
in all directions one (1) or more flashing, oscillating or rotating yellow lights. Every authorized
snowplow operated by a general purpose government may also be equipped with and use no more
than two (2) flashing, oscillating or rotating blue lights as warning lamps. Lighted directional signs
used by police and highway departments to direct traffic need not be visible except to the front and
rear. Such lights shall have sufficient intensity to be visible at five hundred (500) feet in normal
sunlight.
(b) The warning lamps authorized in Subsection (a) above shall be activated by the operator of an
authorized service vehicle only when the vehicle is operating upon the roadway so as to create a
hazard to other traffic. The use of such lamps shall not relieve the operator from the duty of using
due care for the safety of others or from the obligation of using any other safety equipment or
protective devices that are required by this Chapter. Service vehicles authorized to operate also as
emergency vehicles shall also be equipped to comply with signal requirements for emergency
vehicles.
(c) Whenever an authorized service vehicle is performing its service function and is displaying
lights as authorized in Subsection (a) above, drivers of all other vehicles shall exercise more than
ordinary care and caution in approaching, overtaking or passing such service vehicle.
(d) Only authorized service vehicles shall be equipped with the warning lights authorized in
Subsection (a) above. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-150. Signal lamps and devices; additional lighting equipment.
(a) Any motor vehicle may be equipped and, when required under this Chapter, shall be
equipped with a stop lamp or lamps on the rear of the vehicle which shall display a red or amber light,
or any shade of color between red and amber, visible from a distance of not less than one hundred
(100) feet to the rear in normal sunlight, which shall be actuated upon application of the service (foot)
brake, and which may but need not be incorporated with one (1) or more other rear lamps. Stop
lamps may also be automatically actuated by a mechanical device when the vehicle is reducing speed
or stopping. If two (2) or more stop lamps are installed on any motor vehicle, any device actuating
such lamps shall be so designed and installed that all stop lamps are actuated by such device.
(b) Any motor vehicle may be equipped and, when required under this Chapter, shall be
equipped with lamps showing to the front and rear for the purpose of indicating an intention to turn
either to the right or to the left. Such lamps showing to the front shall be located on the same level
and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and, when in use, shall display a white or amber light, or
any shade of color between white and amber, visible from a distance of not less than one hundred
(100) feet to the front in normal sunlight; and the lamps showing to the rear shall be located at the
same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and, when in use, shall display a red or amber
light, or any shade of color between red and amber, visible from a distance of not less than one
hundred (100) feet to the rear in normal sunlight. When actuated, such lamps shall indicate the
intended direction of turning by flashing the light showing to the front and rear on the side toward
which the turn is made.
(c) No stop lamp or signal lamp shall project a glaring or dazzling light.
(d) Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) side cowl or fender lamps
which shall emit an amber or white light without glare.
(e) Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than one (1) running board courtesy lamp
on each side thereof, which shall emit a white or amber light without glare.
(f) Any motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) back-up lamps, either
separately or in combination with other lamps, but no such back-up lamp shall be lighted when the
motor vehicle is in forward motion.
(g) Any vehicle may be equipped with lamps which may be used for the purpose of warning the
operators of other vehicles of the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring the exercise of
unusual care in approaching, overtaking or passing and, when so equipped and when said vehicle is
not in motion or is being operated at a speed of twenty-five (25) miles per hour or less, and at no
other time, may display such warning in addition to any other warning signals required by this
Chapter. The lamps used to display such warning to the front shall be mounted at the same level and
as widely spaced laterally as practicable and shall display simultaneously flashing white or amber
lights, or any shade of color between white and amber. The lamps used to display such warning to
the rear shall be mounted at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and shall
show simultaneously flashing amber or red lights, or any shade of color between amber and red.
These warning lights shall be visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet under
normal atmospheric conditions at night.
(h) Any vehicle eighty (80) inches or more in overall width may be equipped with not more than
three (3) identification lamps showing to the front which shall emit an amber light without glare and
not more than three (3) identification lamps showing to the rear which shall emit a red light without
glare. Such lamps shall be mounted horizontally. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-160. Multiple-beam road lights.
(a) Except as provided in this Chapter, the head lamps, the auxiliary driving lamp, the auxiliary
passing lamp or combination thereof on motor vehicles, other than motorcycles or motor-driven
cycles, shall be so arranged that the driver may select at will between distributions of light projected
to different elevations; and such lamps may, in addition, be so arranged that such selection call be
made automatically, subject to the following limitations:
(1) There shall be an uppermost distribution of light or composite beam so aimed and of such
intensity as to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least three hundred fifty (350) feet
ahead for all conditions of loading.
(2) There shall be a lowermost distribution of light or composite beam so aimed and of
sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least one hundred (100) feet
ahead; and on a straight level road under any condition of loading, none of the high-intensity
portion of the beam shall be directed to strike the eyes of an approaching driver.
(b) Every new motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle, registered in the
State after July 1, 1955, which has multiple-beam road-lighting equipment, shall be equipped with a
beam indicator, which shall be lighted whenever the uppermost distribution of light from the head
lamps is in use and shall not otherwise be lighted. Said indicator shall be so designed and located that
when lighted it will be readily visible without glare to the driver of the vehicle so equipped. (Ord.
2001-4 §1)
Sec. 8-2-170. Use of multiple-beam lights.
When a motor vehicle is being operated on a roadway or shoulder adjacent thereto during the
times specified in Section 8-2-40 of this Article, the driver shall use a distribution of light, or
composite beam, directed high enough and of sufficient intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a
safe distance in advance of the vehicle, subject to the following requirements and limitations:
(1) When a driver of a vehicle approaches an oncoming vehicle within five hundred (500)
feet, such driver shall use a distribution of light in composite beam so aimed that the glaring rays
are not projected into the eyes of the oncoming driver. The lowermost distribution of light or
composite beam as specified in Paragraph 8-2-160(a)(1) above shall be deemed to avoid glare at
all times, regardless of road contour and loading.
(2) When the driver of a vehicle follows another vehicle within two hundred (200) feet to the
rear, except when engaged in the act of overtaking and passing, such driver shall use a distribution
of light permissible under this Chapter other than the uppermost distribution of light specified in
Paragraph 8-2-160(a)(1) above. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-180. Single-beam road-lighting equipment.
Head lamps arranged to provide a single distribution of light not supplemented by auxiliary
driving lamps shall be permitted on motor vehicles manufactured and sold prior to July 15, 1936, in
lieu of multiple-beam road-lighting equipment specified in Section 8-2-160 above if the single
distribution of light complies with the following requirements and limitations:
(1) The head lamps shall be so aimed that, when the vehicle is not loaded, none of the highintensity
portion of the light shall, at a distance of twenty-five (25) feet ahead, project higher than
a level of five (5) inches below the level of the center of the lamp from which it comes and in no
case higher than forty-two (42) inches above the level on which the vehicle stands at a distance of
seventy-five (75) feet ahead.
(2) The intensity shall be sufficient to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least two
hundred (200) feet. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-190. Number of lamps permitted.
Whenever a motor vehicle equipped with head lamps as required in this Chapter is also equipped
with any auxiliary lamps, a spot lamp or any other lamp on the front thereof projecting a beam of an
intensity greater than three hundred (300) candlepower, not more than a total of four (4) of any such
lamps on the front of a vehicle shall be lighted at any one (1) time when upon a highway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-200. Lighting equipment for motorized bicycles and motor-driven cycles.
(a) Every motorized bicycle, when in use at the times specified in Section 8-2-40 of this Article,
shall be equipped with a lamp on the front, which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at
least five hundred (500) feet to the front, and with a red reflector on the rear, of a type approved by
the State, which shall be visible from all distances from fifty (50) feet to three hundred (300) feet to
the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp
emitting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear may be used in
addition to the red reflector.
(b) No person shall operate a motorized bicycle unless it is equipped with a bell or other device
capable of giving a signal audible for a distance of at least one hundred (100) feet; except that a
motorized bicycle shall not be equipped with nor shall any person use upon a motorized bicycle a
siren or whistle.
(c) Every motorized bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to
make the braked wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement.
(d) The head lamp or head lamps upon every motor-driven cycle may be of the single-beam or
multiple-beam type, but in either event shall comply with the requirements and limitations as follows:
(1) Every head lamp shall be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance
of not less than one hundred (100) feet when the motor-driven cycle is operated at any speed less
than twenty-five (25) miles per hour; at a distance of not less than two hundred (200) feet when
the motor-driven cycle is operated at a speed of twenty-five (25) miles or more per hour; and at a
distance of not less than three hundred (300) feet when the motor-driven cycle is operated at a
speed of thirty-five (35) or more miles per hour.
(2) If the motor-driven cycle is equipped with a multi-beam head lamp or head lamps, the
uppermost beam shall meet the minimum requirements set forth in Paragraph 8-2-160(a)(1) of this
Article and the lowermost beam shall meet the requirements applicable to a lowermost distribution
of light as set forth in Paragraph 8-2-160(a)(2).
(3) If the motor-driven cycle is equipped with a single-beam lamp, said lamp shall be so
aimed that, when the vehicle is loaded, none of the high-intensity portions of light, at a distance of
twenty-five (25) feet ahead, shall project higher than the level of the center of the lamp from
which it comes.
(e) Any lighted lamp or illuminating device upon a motor vehicle, other than head lamps, spot
lamps, auxiliary lamps, flashing turn signals, emergency vehicle warning lamps and school bus
warning lamps, which projects a beam of light of an intensity greater than three hundred (300)
candlepower, shall be so directed that no part of the high-intensity portion of the beam will strike the
level of the roadway on which the vehicle stands at a distance of more than seventy-five (75) feet
from the vehicle.
(f) No person shall equip, drive or move any vehicle or equipment upon any highway with any
lamp or device thereon capable of displaying a red or blue light visible from directly in front of the
center thereof. This Section shall not apply to any vehicle upon which such lights visible from the
front are expressly authorized or required by this Chapter.
(g) This Section shall not be construed to prohibit the use on any vehicle of simultaneously
flashing hazard warning lights as provided by Subsection 8-2-150(g) of this Article. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-210. Bicycle equipment.
(a) No other provision of this Article shall apply to bicycles or to equipment for use on bicycles,
except those provisions in this Chapter made specifically applicable to bicyclists, bicycles or their
equipment.
(b) Every bicycle in use at the times described in Section 8-2-40 of this Article shall be equipped
with a lamp on the front emitting a white light visible from a distance of at least five hundred (500)
feet to the front.
(c) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a red reflector which shall be visible for six hundred
(600) feet to the rear when in front of lawful lower beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle.
(d) Every bicycle when in use at the times described in Section 8-2-40 shall be equipped with
reflective material of sufficient size and reflectivity to be visible from both sides for six hundred
(600) feet when directly in front of lawful lower beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle or, in lieu of
such reflective material, with a lighted lamp visible from both sides from a distance of at least five
hundred (500) feet.
(e) A bicycle or its rider may be equipped with lights or reflectors in addition to those required
by this Section.
(f) A bicycle shall not be equipped with, nor shall any person use upon a bicycle, any siren or
whistle.
(g) Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which enable its rider to stop the
bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean
pavement.
(h) A person engaged in the business of selling bicycles at retail shall not sell any bicycle unless
the bicycle has an identifying number permanently stamped or cast on its frame. (Ord. 2001-4 §1;
Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-220. Volunteer firefighters; volunteer ambulance attendants; special lights and alarm
systems.
(a) Members of volunteer fire departments regularly attached to the fire departments organized
within incorporated towns and cities and fire protection districts may have their private motor
vehicles identified by red lights installed, two (2) in number, in the front portion of said motor
vehicles so that they can be readily seen by the public. Such lights may have a red glass lens with the
word “Fire” across the face, and said word “Fire” shall be cast into the glass; or said motor vehicles
may be equipped with a signal lamp or a combination of signal lamps capable of displaying flashing,
oscillating or rotating red or white lights, or a combination thereof, visible to the front and rear at five
hundred (500) feet in normal sunlight. Such signal lamp or combination of signal lamps may be
mounted on the top of the motor vehicle. Said motor vehicles may be equipped with audible signal
systems, such as whistles or bells. Said lights, together with any signal systems authorized by this
Subsection, may be used only when a member of any such department is responding to or attending a
fire alarm or other emergency. Neither such lights nor such signals shall be used for any purpose
other than those set forth in this Subsection. Use for any other purpose shall constitute a violation of
this Section.
(b) Members of a volunteer ambulance service regularly attached to a volunteer ambulance
service within an area which the ambulance service would be reasonably expected to serve may have
their private motor vehicles identified by:
(1) Two (2) red lights, with red glass lenses, installed in the front portion of said motor vehicle
so that they can be readily seen by the public; or
(2) A red light temporarily or permanently mounted on the top of the motor vehicle.
(c) The motor vehicle may be equipped with audible signal systems such as sirens, whistles or
bells.
(d) The lights, together with any signal systems authorized by this Section, shall be used only
when a member of an ambulance service is responding to an emergency requiring the member’s
services.
(e) The lights and signals shall not be used for any purpose other than the one set forth in this
Section.
(f) It is unlawful for any person to use, install, cause to be installed or drive any vehicle which
has installed any siren, exhaust whistle, bell, red lights visible from the front of such motor vehicle, or
red spotlight; provided that nothing in this Section shall prevent the possession, use or installation on
any vehicle authorized or permitted to have or use any such equipment by the laws of this State, if
there is compliance with such state laws, including obtaining necessary permits, licenses or approval
as required by any such state laws or by any applicable municipal ordinance. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-230. Brakes.
(a) Brake equipment required.
(1) Every motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle, when operated upon a highway shall be
equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold such vehicle,
including two (2) separate means of applying the brakes, each of which means shall be effective to
apply the brakes to at least two (2) wheels. If these two (2) separate means of applying the brakes
are connected in any way, they shall be so constructed that failure of any one (1) part of the
operating mechanism shall not leave the motor vehicle without brakes on at least two (2) wheels.
(2) Every motorcycle, motorized bicycle and bicycle with motor attached, when operated
upon a highway, shall be equipped with at least one (1) brake which may be operated by hand or
foot.
(3) Every trailer or semi-trailer of a gross weight of three thousand (3,000) pounds or more,
when operated upon a highway, shall be equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement
of and to stop and hold such vehicle and so designed as to be applied by the driver of the towing
vehicle from the cab. Said brakes shall be so designed and connected that, in case of an accidental
breakaway of the towed vehicle, the brakes shall be automatically applied. The provisions of this
Subsection shall not be applicable to any trailer which does not meet the definition of commercial
vehicle and which is owned by a farmer when transporting agricultural products produced on the
owner’s farm or supplies back to the farm of the owner of the trailer; tank trailers not exceeding
ten thousand (10,000) pounds gross weight used solely for transporting liquid fertilizer or gaseous
fertilizer under pressure; or distributor trailers not exceeding ten thousand (10,000) pounds gross
weight used solely for transporting and distributing dry fertilizer when hauled by a truck capable
of stopping within the distance specified in Subsection (b) below.
(4) Every motor vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer constructed or sold in the State or operated
upon the highways shall be equipped with service brakes upon all wheels of every such vehicle,
except that:
a. The following vehicles need not be equipped with brakes:
1. Any trailer or semi-trailer of less than three thousand (3,000) pounds gross weight;
2. Any horse trailer of a capacity of two (2) horses or less;
3. Any trailer which does not meet the definition of commercial vehicle and which is
owned by a farmer when transporting agricultural products produced on the owner’s farm or
supplies back to the farm of the owner of the trailer;
4. Tank trailers not exceeding ten thousand (10,000) pounds gross weight used solely
for transporting liquid fertilizer or gaseous fertilizer under pressure;
5. Distributor trailers not exceeding ten thousand (10,000) pounds gross weight used
solely for transporting and distributing dry fertilizer when hauled by a truck capable of
stopping with a loaded trailer attached in the distance specified by Subsection (b) below.
b. Any two-wheel motor vehicle need have brakes on only one (1) wheel.
c. Any truck or truck tractor manufactured before July 25, 1980, and having three (3) or
more axles need not have brakes on the wheels of the front or tandem steering axles if the
brakes on the other wheels meet the performance requirements of Subsection (b) below.
d. Every trailer or semi-trailer of three thousand (3,000) pounds or more gross weight must
have brakes on all wheels.
(5) This Subsection shall not apply to manufactured homes.
(b) Performance ability of brakes.
(1) The service brakes upon any motor vehicle or combination of vehicles shall be adequate to
stop such vehicle when traveling twenty (20) miles per hour within a distance of forty (40) feet
when upon dry asphalt or concrete pavement surface free from loose material where the grade
does not exceed one percent (1%).
(2) Under the conditions stated in Paragraph (1) above, the hand brakes shall be adequate to
stop such vehicle within a distance of fifty-five (55) feet, and said hand brake shall be adequate to
hold such vehicle stationary on any grade upon which operated.
(3) Under the conditions stated in Paragraph (1) above, the service brakes upon a motor
vehicle equipped with two-wheel brakes only, when permitted under this Section, shall be
adequate to stop the vehicle within a distance of fifty-five (55) feet.
(4) All braking distances specified in this Section shall apply to all vehicles mentioned,
whether such vehicles are not loaded or are loaded to the maximum capacity permitted under this
Chapter.
(5) All brakes shall be maintained in good working order and shall be adjusted to operate as
equally as possible with respect to the wheels on opposite sides of the vehicle. (Ord. 2001-4 §1;
Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-240. Horns or warning devices.
(a) Every motor vehicle, when operated upon a highway, shall be equipped with a horn in good
working order and capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not
less than two hundred (200) feet, but no horn or other warning device shall emit an unreasonably loud
or harsh sound, except as provided in Subsection 8-2-130(a) of this Article in the case of authorized
emergency vehicles. The driver of a motor vehicle, when reasonably necessary to ensure safe
operation, shall give audible warning with the horn but shall not otherwise use such horn when upon a
highway.
(b) No vehicle shall be equipped with, nor shall any person use upon a vehicle, any audible
device, except as otherwise permitted in this Section. It is permissible but not required that any
vehicle be equipped with a theft alarm signal device which is so arranged that it cannot be used by the
driver as a warning signal unless the alarm device is a required part of the vehicle. Nothing in this
Section is meant to preclude the use of audible warning devices which are activated when the vehicle
is backing. Any authorized emergency vehicle may be equipped with an audible signal device under
Subsection 8-2-130(a) of this Article; however, such device shall not be used except when such
vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the actual pursuit of a suspected violator of
the law, or for other special purposes, including but not limited to funerals, parades and the escorting
of dignitaries.
(c) No bicycle or motorized bicycle shall be equipped with, nor shall any person use upon a
bicycle or motorized bicycle, any siren or whistle.
(d) Snowplows and other snow-removal equipment shall display flashing yellow lights meeting
the requirements of Section 8-2-140 of this Article as a warning to drivers when such equipment is in
service on the highway.
(1) When any snowplow or other snow-removal equipment displaying flashing yellow lights
is engaged in snow and ice removal or control, drivers of all other vehicles shall exercise more
than ordinary care and caution in approaching, overtaking or passing such snowplow.
(2) The driver of a snowplow, while engaged in the removal or control of snow and ice on any
highway open to traffic and while displaying the required flashing yellow warning lights as
provided by Section 8-2-140, shall not be charged with any violation of the provisions of this
Chapter relating to parking or standing, turning, backing or yielding the right-of-way. These
exemptions shall not relieve the driver of a snowplow from the duty to drive with due regard for
the safety of all persons, nor shall these exemptions protect the driver of a snowplow from the
consequences of a reckless or careless disregard for the safety of others. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)
Sec. 8-2-250. Mufflers; prevention of noise.
(a) Every motor vehicle subject to registration and operated on a highway shall at all times be
equipped with an adequate muffler in constant operation and properly maintained to prevent any
excessive or unusual noise, and no such muffler or exhaust system shall be equipped with a cut-off,
bypass or similar device. No person shall modify the exhaust system of a motor vehicle in a manner
which will amplify or increase the noise emitted by the motor of such vehicle above that emitted by
the muffler originally installed on the vehicle, and such original muffler shall comply with all of the
requirements of this Section.
(b) A muffler is a device consisting of a series of chamber or baffle plates or other mechanical
design for the purpose of receiving exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine and effective in
reducing noise. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)
Sec. 8-2-260. Mirrors; exterior placements.
(a) Every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a mirror or mirrors so located and so constructed
as to reflect to the driver a free and unobstructed view of the highway for a distance of at least two
hundred (200) feet to the rear of such vehicle.
(b) When any motor vehicle is not equipped with a rear window and rear side windows or has a
rear window and rear side windows composed of, covered by or treated with any material or
component which, when viewed from the position of the driver, obstructs the rear view of the driver
or makes such window or windows nontransparent, or whenever any motor vehicle is towing another
vehicle or trailer or carrying any load, cargo or object which obstructs the rear view of the driver,
such vehicle shall be equipped with an exterior mirror on each side so located with respect to the
position of the driver as to comply with the visual requirement of Subsection (a) above. (Ord. 2001-4§1)

Sec. 8-2-270. Windows and windshield wiper requirements.
(a) Except as provided in this Section, no person shall operate any motor vehicle registered in the
State on which any window, except the windshield, is composed of, covered by or treated with any
material or component which presents an opaque, nontransparent, metallic or mirrored appearance in
such a way that it allows less than twenty-seven percent (27%) light transmittance. The windshield
shall allow seventy percent (70%) light transmittance. The provisions of this Subsection shall not
apply to the windows to the rear of the driver, including the rear window, on any motor vehicle,
however, if such windows and the windshield on such vehicles shall allow seventy percent (70%)
light transmittance.
(b) Notwithstanding any provision of Subsection (a) above, nontransparent material may be
applied, installed or affixed to the topmost portion of the windshield subject to the following:
(1) The bottom edge of the material extends no more than four (4) inches measured from the
top of the windshield down;
(2) The material is not red or amber in color, nor does it affect perception of primary colors,
otherwise distort vision or contain lettering that distorts or obstructs vision;
(3) The material does not reflect sunlight or headlight glare into the eyes of occupants of
oncoming or preceding vehicles to any greater extent than the windshield without the material.
(c) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to prevent the use of any window which is
composed of, covered by or treated with any material or component in a manner approved by federal
statute or regulation if such window was included as a component part of a vehicle at the time of the
vehicle manufacture or the replacement of any such window by such covering meets such guidelines.
(d) No material shall be used on any window in the motor vehicle that presents a metallic or
mirrored appearance.
(e) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to deny or prevent the use of certificates or other
papers which do not obstruct the view of the driver and which may be required by law to be
displayed.
(f) The windshield on every motor vehicle shall be equipped with a device for cleaning rain,
snow or other moisture from the windshield, which can be controlled or operated by the driver of the
vehicle. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-280. Restrictions on tire equipment.
(a) Every solid rubber tire on a vehicle shall have rubber on its entire traction surface at least one
(1) inch thick above the edge of the flange of the entire periphery.
(b) No person shall operate upon any highway any motor vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer having
any metal tire in contact with the roadway, and it is unlawful to operate upon a highway any motor
vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer equipped with solid rubber tires.
(c) No tire on a vehicle moved on a highway shall have on its periphery any block, stud, flange,
cleat or spike or any other protuberances of any material other than rubber which projects beyond the
tread on the traction surface of the tire; except that, on single-tired passenger vehicles and on other
single-tired vehicles with rated capacities up to and including three-fourths (3/4) ton, it shall be
permissible to use tires containing studs or other protuberances which do not project more than one-sixteenth
(1/16) of an inch beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire. It shall be permissible to
use farm machinery with tires having protuberances which will not injure the highway. It shall be
permissible to use tire chains of reasonable proportions upon any vehicle when required for safety
because of snow, ice or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid.
(d) The Town, in its discretion, may issue special permits authorizing the operation upon a
highway of traction engines or tractors having movable tracks with transverse corrugations upon the
periphery of such movable tracks, farm tractors or other farm machinery, the operation of which upon
a highway would otherwise be prohibited under this Chapter.
(e) No person shall drive or move a motor vehicle on any highway unless such vehicle is
equipped with tires in safe operating condition in accordance with this Subsection and any
supplemental rules and regulations promulgated by the State. A tire shall be considered unsafe if it
has:
(1) Any bump, bulge or knot affecting the tire structure;
(2) A break which exposes a tire body cord or is repaired with a boot or patch;
(3) A tread depth of less than two thirty-seconds (2/32) of an inch measured in any two (2)
tread grooves at three (3) locations equally spaced around the circumference of the tire; or, on
those tires with tread wear indicators, a tire shall be considered unsafe if it is worn to the point that
the tread wear indicators contact the road in any two-tread grooves at three (3) locations equally
spaced around the circumference of the tire; except that this Paragraph shall not apply to tires on a
commercial vehicle; or
(4) Such other conditions as may be reasonably demonstrated to render it unsafe.
(f) No passenger car tire shall be used on any motor vehicle which is driven or moved on any
highway if such tire was designed or manufactured for nonhighway use.
(g) No person shall destroy, alter or deface any marking on a new or usable tire which indicates
whether the tire has been manufactured for highway or nonhighway use.
(h) No person shall sell any motor vehicle for highway use unless the vehicle is equipped with
tires that are in compliance with this Section and any rules of safe operating condition promulgated
by the State. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-290. Safety glazing material in motor vehicles.
(a) Every vehicle shall be equipped with safety glazing material of a type approved by the State
for any required front windshield and wherever glazing material is used in doors and windows. This
Section shall apply to all passenger-type motor vehicles, including passenger buses and school buses;
however, in respect to camper coaches and trucks, including truck tractors, the requirements as to
safety glazing material shall apply only to all glazing material used in required front windshields and
that used in doors and windows in the drivers’ compartments and such other compartments as are
lawfully occupied by passengers in said vehicles.
(b) The term safety glazing materials means such glazing materials as will reduce substantially,
in comparison with ordinary sheet glass or plate glass, the likelihood of injury to persons by objects
from exterior sources or by these safety glazing materials when they may be cracked or broken.
(c) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on any highway within the Town unless such vehicle
is equipped with a front windshield of an approved type as provided in this Section, except as
provided in Section 8-2-320 below and except for motor vehicles registered as collectors’ items under
Section 42-3-138, C.R.S. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-300. Emergency lighting equipment.
(a) No motor vehicle carrying a truck license and weighing six thousand (6,000) pounds or more,
and no passenger bus, shall be operated over the highways of the State at any time without carrying in
an accessible place inside or on the outside of the vehicle three (3) bidirectional emergency reflective
triangles of a type approved by the State; however, the use of such equipment is not required in
municipalities where there are street lights within not more than one hundred (100) feet.
(b) When a motor vehicle referred to in Subsection (a) above is stopped upon the traveled portion
of a highway or the shoulder of a highway for any cause other than necessary traffic stops, the driver
of the stopped motor vehicle shall immediately activate the vehicular hazard warning signal flashers
and continue the flashing until the driver places the bidirectional emergency reflective triangles as
directed in Subsection (c) below.
(c) Except as provided in Subsection (b) above, whenever a motor vehicle referred to in
Subsection (a) above is stopped upon the traveled portion of a highway or the shoulder of a highway
for any cause other than necessary traffic stops, the driver shall, as soon as possible, but in any event
within ten (10) minutes, place the bidirectional emergency reflective triangles in the following
manner:
(1) One (1) at the traffic side of the stopped vehicle, within ten (10) feet of the front or rear of
the vehicle;
(2) One (1) at a distance of approximately one hundred (100) feet from the stopped vehicle in
the center of the traffic lane or shoulder occupied by the vehicle and in the direction toward traffic
approaching in that lane; and
(3) One (1) at a distance of approximately one hundred (100) feet from the stopped vehicle in
the opposite direction from those placed in accordance with Paragraphs (1) and (2) above in the
center of the traffic lane or shoulder occupied by the vehicle; or
(4) If the vehicle is stopped within five hundred (500) feet of a curve, crest of a hill or other
obstruction to view, the driver shall place the emergency equipment required by this Subsection in
the direction of the obstruction to view at a distance of one hundred (100) feet to five hundred
(500) feet from the stopped vehicle so as to afford ample warning to other users of the highway; or
(5) If the vehicle is stopped upon the traveled portion or the shoulder of a divided or one-way
highway, the driver shall place the emergency equipment required by this Subsection as follows:
one (1) at a distance of two hundred (200) feet and one (1) at a distance of one hundred (100) feet,
in a direction toward approaching traffic in the center of the lane or shoulder occupied by the
vehicle, and one (1) at the traffic side of the vehicle within ten (10) feet of the rear of the vehicle.
(d) No motor vehicle operating as a wrecking car at the scene of an accident shall move or
attempt to move any wrecked vehicle without first complying with those sections of the law
concerning emergency lighting. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-310. Parking lights.
When lighted lamps are required by Section 8-2-40 of this Article, no vehicle shall be driven upon
a highway with the parking lights lighted except when the lights are being used as signal lamps and
except when the head lamps are lighted at the same time. Parking lights are those lights permitted by
Section 8-2-150 of this Article and any other lights mounted on the front of the vehicle, designed to
be displayed primarily when the vehicle is parked. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-320. Minimum safety standards for motorcycles and motor-driven cycles.
(a) No person shall operate any motorcycle or motor-driven cycle on any highway unless such
person and any passenger thereon is wearing goggles or eyeglasses with lenses made of safety glass
or plastic.
(b) Any motorcycle carrying a passenger, other than in a sidecar or enclosed cab, shall be
equipped with footrests for such passengers. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-330. Alteration of suspension system.
(a) No person shall operate a motor vehicle of a type required to be registered in the State upon a
highway with either the rear or front suspension system altered or changed from the manufacturer’s
original design except in accordance with specifications permitting such alteration established by the
State. Nothing in this Section shall prevent the installation of manufactured heavy-duty equipment to
include shock absorbers and overload springs, nor shall anything in this Section prevent a person
from operating a motor vehicle on a public highway with normal wear of the suspension system if
normal wear does not affect the control of the vehicle.
(b) This Section shall not apply to motor vehicles designed or modified primarily for offhighway
racing purposes, and such motor vehicles may be lawfully towed on a highway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-340. Slow-moving vehicles; display of emblem.
(a) All machinery, equipment and vehicles, except bicycles and other human-powered vehicles,
designed to operate or normally operated at a speed of less than twenty-five (25) miles per hour on a
highway shall display a triangular “slow-moving vehicle” emblem on the rear. Bicycles and other
human-powered vehicles shall be permitted but not required to display the emblem specified in this
Section.
(b) The use of the emblem required under this Section shall be restricted to the use specified in
this Section, and its use on any other type of vehicle or stationary object shall be prohibited. (Ord.
2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-350. Minimum standards for commercial vehicles.
No person shall operate a commercial vehicle on any highway unless such vehicle is in
compliance with the rules and regulations adopted by the State. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-360. Child restraint systems.
(a) Unless exempted by this Section, every child who is under four (4) years of age and weighs
under forty (40) pounds, being transported in a privately owned noncommercial passenger vehicle or
in a vehicle operated by a child care center, shall be provided with a child restraint system suitable for
the child’s size and shall be properly fastened into such child restraint system which is in a seating
position equipped with a safety belt or other means to secure the system according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
(b) Unless excepted by this Section, every child who is at least four (4) years of age but less than
sixteen (16) years of age, or who is less than four (4) years of age and weighs forty (40) pounds or
more, being transported in a privately owned noncommercial vehicle or in a vehicle operated by a
child care center, shall be provided with a safety belt system and shall be properly fastened into the
safety belt system according to the manufacturer’s instruction.
(c) It is the responsibility of the driver transporting children, subject to the requirements of this
Section, to ensure that such children are provided with and that they properly use a child restraint
system or safety belt system.
(d) The requirements of this Section shall not apply to a child who:
(1) Is being transported in a privately owned noncommercial motor vehicle in which all
seating positions equipped with safety belts or child restraint systems are occupied;
(2) Is being transported in a motor vehicle as a result of a medical emergency;
(3) Is being transported in a commercial motor vehicle, as defined in Section 42-2-402(4)(a),
C.R.S., that is operated by a child care center; or
(4) Is the driver of a motor vehicle and is subject to the safety belt requirements provided in
Section 8-2-370 below.
(e) No person shall use a safety belt or child restraint system, whichever is applicable under the
provisions of this Section, for children under sixteen (16) years of age in a motor vehicle unless it
conforms to all applicable federal motor vehicle safety standards.
(f) Any violation of this Section shall not constitute negligence per se or contributory negligence
per se. (Ord. 95-5 §2; Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-2-370. Safety belt systems.
(a) Unless exempted pursuant to this Section, every driver of and every front seat passenger in a
motor vehicle equipped with a safety belt system shall wear a fastened safety belt while the motor
vehicle is being operated on a highway.
(b) The requirements of this Section shall not apply to:
(1) A child required to be restrained by a child restraint system.
(2) A member of an ambulance team, other than the driver, while involved in patient care.
(3) A peace officer while performing official duties, so long as the performance of said duties
is in accordance with rules and regulations applicable to said officer which are at least as
restrictive as this Section and which only provide exceptions necessary to protect the officer.
(4) A person with a physically or psychologically disabling condition whose physical or
psychological disability prevents appropriate restraint by a safety belt system if such person
possesses a written statement by a physician certifying the condition, as well as stating the reason
why such restraint is inappropriate.
(5) A person driving or riding in a motor vehicle not equipped with a safety belt system due to
the fact that federal law does not require such vehicle to be equipped with a safety belt system.
(6) A rural letter carrier of the United States Postal Service while performing duties as a rural
letter carrier.
(7) A person operating a motor vehicle which does not meet the definition of commercial
vehicle for commercial or residential delivery or pickup service; except that such person shall be
required to wear a fastened safety belt during the time period prior to the first delivery or pickup of
the day and during the time period following the last delivery or pickup of the day.
(c) Any person who operates a motor vehicle while such person or any passenger is in violation
of the requirements of this Section commits a traffic offense. (Ord. 95-5 §2; Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord.
2007-4 §1)

ARTICLE 3
Size, Weight and Load

Sec. 8-3-10. Size and weight violations; penalty.
It is a traffic offense for any person to drive or move or for the owner to cause or knowingly
permit to be driven or moved on any highway any vehicle of a size or weight exceeding the
limitations stated in this Article. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-20. Width of vehicles.
(a) The total outside width of any vehicle or the load thereon shall not exceed one hundred two
(102) inches, except as otherwise provided in this Section.
(b) A load of loose hay, including loosely bound, round bales, whether horse-drawn or drawn by
motor, shall not exceed twelve (12) feet in width.
(c) A vehicle used only as a single unit may transport a load of small rectangular hay bales if
such vehicle and load do not exceed ten (10) feet six (6) inches in width and thirty (30) feet in length.
(d) It is unlawful for any person to operate a vehicle or a motor vehicle which has attached
thereto in any manner any chain, rope, wire or other equipment which drags, swings or projects in any
manner so as to endanger the person or property of another.
(e) The total outside width of buses and coaches used for the transportation of passengers shall
not exceed eight (8) feet six (6) inches.
(f) This Section shall not be construed so as to prohibit the projection beyond the total outside
width of clearance lights, rearview mirrors or other accessories required by federal, state or Town
laws or regulations. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-30. Projecting loads on passenger vehicles.
No passenger-type vehicle, except a motorcycle or a bicycle, shall be operated on any highway
with any load carried thereon extending beyond the line of the fenders on the left side of such vehicle
or extending more than six (6) inches beyond the line of the fenders on the right side thereof. (Ord.
2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-40. Height and length of vehicles.
(a) No vehicle unladen or with load shall exceed a height of thirteen (13) feet.
(b) No single motor vehicle shall exceed a length of forty-five (45) feet extreme overall
dimension, inclusive of front and rear bumpers.
(c) No combination of vehicles coupled together shall consist of more than four (4) units, and no
such combination of vehicles shall exceed a total overall length of seventy (70) feet. Said length
limitations shall not apply to laden or unladen truck tractor-semi-trailer combinations when the semitrailer
is fifty-seven (57) feet four (4) inches or less in length or to laden or unladen truck tractorsemi-
trailer-trailer combinations when the semi-trailer and the trailer are each twenty-eight (28) feet
six (6) inches or less in length. Said length limitations shall also not apply to vehicles operated by a
public utility when required for emergency repair of public service facilities or properties or when
operated under a special permit as provided in Section 510 of the Model Traffic Code; however, in
respect to night transportation, every such vehicle and the load thereon shall be equipped with a
sufficient number of clearance lamps on both sides and marker lamps upon the extreme ends of any
projecting load to clearly mark the dimensions of such load.
(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection (c) above, the following combinations of
vehicles may exceed seventy-five (75) feet in total overall length:
(1) Saddle-mount combinations consisting of no more than four (4) units;
(2) Laden truck tractor-semi-trailer combinations; and
(3) Specialized equipment used in combination for transporting motor vehicles or boats. The
overall length of such combinations shall be exclusive of:
a. Safety devices; however, such safety devices shall not be designed or used for carrying
cargo;
b. Motor vehicles or boats being transported; and
c. Any extension device that may be used for loading beyond the extreme front or rear ends
of a vehicle or combination of vehicles; except that projection of a load, including any
extension devices loaded to the front of the vehicle, shall not extend more than four (4) feet
beyond the extreme front of the grill of such vehicle and no load or extension device may
extend more than six (6) feet to the extreme rear of the vehicle.
(e) The load upon any vehicle operated alone or the load upon the front vehicle of a combination
of vehicles shall not extend beyond the front wheels of such vehicle or the front-most point of the
grill of such vehicle; however, a load shall project not more than four (4) feet beyond the front-most
point of the grill assembly of the vehicle engine compartment of such a vehicle at a point above the
cab of the driver’s compartment, so long as that part of any load projecting ahead of the rear of the
cab or driver’s compartment shall be so loaded as not to obscure the vision of the driver to the front or
to either side.
(f) The length limitations of vehicles and combinations of vehicles provided for in this Section
as they apply to vehicles being operated and utilized for the transportation of steel, fabricated beams,
trusses, utility poles and pipes shall be determined without regard to the projection of said
commodities beyond the extreme front or rear of the vehicle or combination of vehicles; except that
the projection of a load to the front shall be governed by the provisions of Subsection (e) above, and
no load shall project to the rear more than ten (10) feet.
(g) This Section shall not apply to any vehicle for which the State has issued a permit for the use
of longer vehicle combinations, as long as the vehicle complies with such permit. (Ord. 2001-4 §1;
Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-50. Trailers and towed vehicles.
(a) When one (1) vehicle is towing another, the drawbar or other connection shall be of sufficient
strength to pull all weight towed thereby, and said drawbar or other connection shall not exceed
fifteen (15) feet from one (1) vehicle to the other, except the connection between any two (2) vehicles
transporting poles, pipe, machinery or other objects of a structural nature which cannot readily be
dismembered, and except connections between vehicles in which the combined lengths of the
vehicles and the connection does not exceed an overall length of fifty-five (55) feet and the
connection is of rigid construction included as part of the structural design of the towed vehicle.
(b) When one (1) vehicle is towing another and the connection consists of a chain, rope or cable,
there shall be displayed upon such connection a white flag or cloth not less than twelve (12) inches
square.
(c) When one (1) vehicle is towing another, in addition to the drawbar or other connection,
except a fifth wheel connection meeting requirements of the State, safety chains or cables, arranged in
such a way that it will be impossible for the vehicle being towed to break loose from the vehicle
towing in the event the drawbar or other connection were to be broken, loosened or otherwise
damaged, shall be used. This Subsection shall apply to all motor vehicles, to all trailers except semitrailers
connected by a proper fifth wheel, and to any dolly used to convert a semi-trailer to a full
trailer. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-60. Wheel and axle loads.
(a) The gross weight upon any wheel of a vehicle shall not exceed the following:
(1) When the wheel is equipped with a solid rubber or cushion tire, eight thousand (8,000)
pounds;
(2) When the wheel is equipped with a pneumatic tire, nine thousand (9,000) pounds.
(b) The gross weight upon a single axle or tandem axle of a vehicle shall not exceed the
following:
(1) When the wheels attached to said axle are equipped with solid rubber or cushion tires,
sixteen thousand (16,000) pounds;
(2) When the wheels attached to a single axle are equipped with pneumatic tires, twenty
thousand (20,000) pounds; or
(3) When the wheels attached to a tandem axle are equipped with pneumatic tires, thirty-six
thousand (36,000) pounds for highways on the interstate system.
(c) Vehicles equipped with a self-compactor and used solely for the transporting of trash are
exempted from the provisions of Paragraph (b)(2) above.
(d) For purposes of this Section:
(1) A single axle is defined as all wheels, whose centers may be included within two (2)
parallel transverse vertical planes not more than forty (40) inches apart, extending across the full
width of the vehicle.
(2) A tandem axle is defined as two (2) or more consecutive axles, the centers of which may
be included between parallel vertical planes spaced more than forty (40) inches and not more than
ninety-six (96) inches apart, extending across the full width of the vehicle.
(e) The gross weight upon any one (1) wheel of a steel-tired vehicle shall not exceed five
hundred (500) pounds per inch of cross-sectional width of tire. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-70. Use of streets by vehicles in excess of six thousand pounds empty weight.
(a) It is unlawful to operate a vehicle exceeding a weight of six thousand (6,000) pounds on any
street or alley in the Town, except that nothing in this Section shall prohibit the operator of any
vehicle exceeding a maximum gross empty weight of six thousand (6,000) pounds from coming from
a truck traffic route, having ingress and egress to and from restricted streets or alleys for the purpose
of making pickups or deliveries of goods, wares and merchandise from or to any building or structure
located on such restricted streets or alleys, or for the purpose of delivering materials to be used in the
actual or bona fide repair, alteration, remodeling or construction of any building upon such restricted
streets for which a building permit had previously been obtained therefor.
(b) Vehicles in excess of six thousand (6,000) pounds maximum empty weight shall only be
operated on the following streets within the Town:
(1) West 44th Avenue from Fenton Street to Sheridan Boulevard.
(2) Sheridan Boulevard from West 44th Avenue to West 41st Avenue.
(c) This Section shall not apply to passenger buses under the jurisdiction of the State, any
municipal regional transportation district or any vehicle owned by a public utility which necessarily is
used in the construction, installation or repair of any public utility property. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord.
2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-80. Parking of vehicles in excess of six thousand pounds empty weight.
No truck or vehicle having a weight of six thousand (6,000) pounds empty weight or more shall be
parked on any empty public street, alley or right-of-way in the Town, except for the purpose of
making local pickups, deliveries or other permitted functions, and shall only be parked for such time
as necessary to carry out said permissible tasks. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-3-90. Liability for damage to highway.
(a) No person shall drive, operate or move upon or over any highway any vehicle, object or
contrivance in such a manner so as to cause damage to said highway. When the damage sustained to
said highway is the result of the operating, driving or moving of such vehicle, object or contrivance
weighing in excess of the maximum weight authorized by this Chapter, it shall be no defense to any
action, either civil or criminal, brought against such person that the weight of the vehicle was
authorized by special permit issued in accordance with this Chapter.
(b) Every person violating this Section shall be liable for all damage which said highway may
sustain as a result thereof. Whenever the driver of such vehicle, object or contrivance is not the
owner thereof but is operating, driving or moving such vehicle, object or contrivance with the express
or implied consent of the owner thereof, said owner or driver shall be jointly and severally liable for
any such damage. The liability for damage sustained by any such highway may be enforced by a civil
action by the Town. No satisfaction of such civil liability, however, shall be deemed to be a release
or satisfaction of any criminal liability for violation of this Section. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 4
Signals, Signs and Markings

Sec. 8-4-10. Official traffic control devices.
The Town shall place and maintain such official traffic control devices, conforming to the Manual
of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for streets and highways and specifications, upon streets and
highways as it deems necessary to indicate and to carry out the provisions of this Chapter or to
regulate, warn or guide traffic. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-20. Obedience to official traffic control devices.
(a) No driver of a vehicle shall disobey the instructions of any official traffic control device,
including any official hand signal device placed or displayed in accordance with the provisions of this
Chapter, unless otherwise directed by a police officer subject to the exceptions in this Chapter granted
to the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle.
(b) No provision of this Chapter for which official traffic control devices are required shall be
enforced against an alleged violator if at the time and place of the alleged violation an official device
is not in proper position and sufficiently legible to be seen by an ordinarily observant person. When a
particular section does not state that official traffic control devices are required, such section shall be
effective even though no devices are erected or in place.
(c) When an official traffic control device is placed in position approximately conforming to the
requirements of this Chapter, such device shall be presumed to have been so placed by the official act
or direction of lawful authority unless the contrary is established by competent evidence.
(d) Any official traffic control device placed pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter and
purporting to conform to the lawful requirements pertaining to such device shall be presumed to
comply with the requirements of this Chapter unless the contrary is established by competent
evidence. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-30. Traffic control signal legend.
If traffic is controlled by a traffic control signal exhibiting different colored lights or colored
lighted arrows, successively one (1) at a time or in combination as declared in the traffic control
manual, only the colors green, yellow and red shall be used, except for special pedestrian-control
signals which carry a word or symbol legend; and said lights, arrows and combinations thereof shall
indicate and apply to drivers of vehicles and pedestrians as follows:
(1) Green indication.
a. Vehicular traffic facing a circular green signal may proceed straight through or turn right
or left unless a sign at such place prohibits such turn; however, vehicular traffic, including
vehicles turning right or left, shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicles and to pedestrians
lawfully within the intersection and to pedestrians within an adjacent crosswalk at the time
such signal is exhibited.
b. Vehicular traffic facing a green arrow signal, shown alone or in combination with
another indication, may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated
by such arrow or such other movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same
time. Such vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians lawfully within an
adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection.
c. Unless otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal, pedestrians facing any green
signal, except when the sole green signal is a turn arrow, may proceed across the roadway
within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
(2) Steady yellow indication.
a. Vehicular traffic facing a steady circular yellow or yellow arrow signal is thereby
warned that the related green movement is being terminated or that a red indication will be
exhibited immediately thereafter.
b. Pedestrians facing a steady circular yellow or yellow arrow signal, unless otherwise
directed by a pedestrian-control signal, are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to
cross the roadway before a red indication is shown, and no pedestrian shall then start to cross
the roadway.
(3) Steady red indication.
a. Vehicular traffic facing a steady circular red signal alone shall stop at a clearly marked
stop line; but, if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if
none, then before entering the intersection; and shall remain standing until an indication to
proceed is shown; except that:
1. Vehicular traffic, after coming to a stop and yielding the right-of-way to pedestrians
lawfully within an adjacent crosswalk and to other traffic lawfully using the intersection,
may make a right turn, unless the State, or the Town by ordinance, has prohibited any such
right turn and has erected an official sign at each intersection where such right turn is
prohibited.
2. Vehicular traffic, when proceeding on a one-way street and after coming to a stop,
may make a left turn onto a one-way street upon which traffic is moving to the left of the
driver. Such turn shall be made only after yielding the right-of-way to pedestrians and other
traffic proceeding as directed. No turn shall be made pursuant to this Subparagraph if the
Town has by ordinance prohibited any such left turn and erected a sign giving notice at each
intersection where such left turn is prohibited.
b. Pedestrians facing a steady circular red signal alone shall not enter the roadway, unless
otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal.
c. Vehicular traffic facing a steady red arrow signal shall not enter the intersection to make
the movement indicated by such arrow and, unless entering the intersection to make such other
movement as is permitted by other indications shown at the same time, shall stop at a clearly
marked stop line but, if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection
or, if none, before entering the intersection; and shall remain standing until an indication to
make the movement indicated by such arrow is shown.
d. Pedestrians facing a steady red arrow signal shall not enter the roadway, unless
otherwise directed by a pedestrian-control signal.
(4) Nonintersection signal. In the event an official traffic control signal is erected and
maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this Section shall be applicable
except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Any stop required
shall be made at a sign or pavement marking indicating where the stop shall be made at the signal.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-40. Flashing signals.
When an illuminated flashing red or yellow signal is used in conjunction with a traffic sign or
traffic signal or as a traffic beacon, it shall require obedience by vehicular traffic as follows:
(1) When a red lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop
at a clearly marked stop line but, if none, before entering the crosswalk on the near side of the
intersection or, if none, at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of
approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering the intersection; and the right to
proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.
(2) When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may
proceed past such signal and through the intersection or other hazardous location only with
caution. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-50. Display of unauthorized signs or devices.
(a) No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any highway any unauthorized
sign, signal, marking or device which purports to be, is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic
control device, which attempts to direct the movement of traffic or which hides from view or
interferes with the effectiveness of any official traffic control device. No person shall place or
maintain upon any highway any traffic sign or signal bearing thereon any commercial advertising.
(b) Every such prohibited sign, signal or marking is declared to be a public nuisance, and the
Town may remove the same or cause it to be removed without notice. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-60. Interference with official devices.
No person shall, without lawful authority, attempt to or in fact alter, deface, injure, knock down,
remove or interfere with the effective operation of any official traffic control device or any
inscription, shield or insignia thereon or any other part thereof. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-70. Signals by hand or signal device.
(a) Any stop or turn signal when required by this Chapter shall be given either by means of the
hand and arm pursuant to Section 8-4-80 below or by signal lamps or signal device of the type
approved by the State, except as otherwise provided in Subsection (b) below.
(b) Any motor vehicle in use on a highway shall be equipped with, and the required signal shall
be given by, signal lamps when the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the left
outside limit of the body, cab or load of such motor vehicle exceeds twenty-four (24) inches or when
the distance from the center of the top of the steering post to the rear limit of the body or load thereof
exceeds fourteen (14) feet. The latter measurements shall apply to any single vehicle and to any
combination of vehicles. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-80. Method of giving hand and arm signals.
All signals required to be given by hand and arm shall be given from the left side of the vehicle in
the following manner, and such signals shall indicate as follows:
(1) Left-turn, hand and arm extended horizontally;
(2) Right-turn, hand and arm extended upward;
(3) Stop or decrease speed, hand and arm extended downward. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-90. Unauthorized insignia.
No owner shall display upon any part of the owner’s vehicle any official designation, sign or
insignia of any public or quasi-public corporation or municipal, state or national department or
governmental subdivision without authority of such agency, or any insignia, badge, sign, emblem or
distinctive mark of any organization or society of which he or she is not a bona fide member or
otherwise authorized to display such sign or insignia. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-100. Persons with disabilities; distress flag.
(a) Any person with a disability when in motor vehicle distress may display by the side of such
person’s disabled vehicle a white flag of approximately seven and one-half (71/2) inches in width and
thirteen (13) inches in length, with the letter “D” thereon in red color with an irregular one-half-inch
red border. The flag shall be of reflective material so as to be readily discernible under darkened
conditions, and the reflective material must be submitted to and approved by the State before it is used.
(b) Any person who is not a person with a disability who uses such flag as a signal or for any
other purpose is guilty of a traffic offense. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-4-110. Inoperative or malfunctioning signals.
(a) When a driver approaches an intersection and faces a traffic control signal which is
inoperative or which remains on steady red or steady yellow during several time cycles, the rules
controlling entrance to a through street or highway from a stop street or highway shall apply until a
police officer assumes control of traffic or until normal operation is resumed. In the event that any
traffic control signal at a place other than an intersection ceases to operate or malfunctions as set forth
in this Section, a driver may proceed through the inoperative or malfunctioning signal only with
caution, as if the signal were one of flashing yellow.
(b) When a pedestrian faces a pedestrian-control signal as provided in Section 8-4-30 of this
Article which is inoperative or which remains on “Don’t Walk” or “Wait” during several time cycles,
the pedestrian shall not enter the roadway unless the pedestrian can do so safely and without
interfering with any vehicular traffic. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 5
Right-of-Way

Sec. 8-5-10. Vehicles approaching or entering intersection.
When two (2) vehicles approach or enter an intersection from different highways at approximately
the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the
right, except as otherwise provided in this Article. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-5-20. Vehicle turning left.
The driver of a vehicle intending to turn to the left within an intersection or into an alley, private
road or driveway shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction
which is within the intersection or so close thereto as to constitute an immediate hazard. (Ord. 2001-4§1)

Sec. 8-5-30. Entering through highway; stop or yield intersection.
(a) The Town may erect and maintain stop signs, yield signs or other official traffic control
devices to designate through highways or to designate intersections or other roadway junctions at
which vehicular traffic on one (1) or more of the roadways is directed to yield or to stop and yield
before entering the intersection or junction. Such signs shall be standard signs adopted by the State.
(b) Except when directed to proceed by a police officer, the driver of a vehicle approaching a
stop sign shall stop at a clearly marked stop line, but, if none, before entering the crosswalk on the
near side of the intersection or, if none, at the point nearest the intersection roadway where the driver
has a view of approaching traffic on the intersection roadway before entering it. After having
stopped, the driver shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on
another roadway so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time when such driver is
moving across or within the intersection or junction of roadways.
(c) The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign, in obedience to such sign, shall slow to a
speed reasonable for the existing conditions and if required for safety to stop, shall stop at a clearly
marked stop line, but, if none, at the point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a
view of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway before entering it. After slowing or stopping,
the driver shall yield the right-of-way to any vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another
roadway so closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time such driver is moving across
or within the intersection or junction of roadways; except that, if a driver is involved in a collision
with a vehicle in the intersection or junction of roadways after driving past a yield sign without
stopping, such collision shall be deemed prima facie evidence of his or her failure to yield the rightof-
way. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-5-40. Vehicle entering roadway.
The driver of a vehicle about to enter or cross a roadway from any place other than another
roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles approaching on the roadway to be entered or
crossed. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-5-50. Operation on approach of emergency vehicles.
Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle making use of audible or visual
signals meeting the requirements of Section 8-2-130 or 8-2-220 of this Chapter, the driver of every
other vehicle shall yield the right-of-way and, where possible, immediately clear the farthest left-hand
lane lawfully available to through traffic, shall drive to a position parallel to and as close as possible
to the right-hand edge or curb of a roadway clear of any intersection and shall stop and remain in that
position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a
police officer. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-5-60. Stop when traffic obstructed.
No driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk unless there is sufficient space on the
other side of the intersection or crosswalk to accommodate the vehicle the driver is operating without
obstructing the passage of other vehicles or pedestrians, notwithstanding the indication of any traffic
control signal to proceed. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-5-70. Emerging from or entering alley, driveway or building.
(a) The driver of a vehicle emerging from an alley, driveway, building, parking lot or other place,
immediately prior to driving onto a sidewalk or into the sidewalk area extending across any such
alleyway, driveway or entranceway, shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian upon or about to
enter such sidewalk or sidewalk area extending across such alleyway, driveway or entranceway, as
may be necessary to avoid collision and, when entering the roadway, shall comply with the provisions
of Section 8-5-40 above.
(b) The driver of a vehicle entering an alley, driveway or entranceway shall yield the right-ofway
to any pedestrian within or about to enter the sidewalk or sidewalk area extending across such
alleyway, driveway or entranceway.
(c) No person shall drive any vehicle other than a bicycle or any other human-powered vehicle
upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area, except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-5-80. Driving in highway work area.
(a) The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to any authorized vehicle or pedestrian
engaged in work upon a highway within any construction or maintenance work area as indicated by
official traffic control devices.
(b) The driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to any authorized service vehicle engaged
in work upon a highway whenever such vehicle displays flashing lights meeting the requirements of
Article 2 of this Chapter. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 6
Pedestrians

Sec. 8-6-10. Pedestrian obedience to traffic control devices and regulations.
(a) A pedestrian shall obey the instructions of any official traffic control device specifically
applicable to the pedestrian, unless otherwise directed by a police officer.
(b) Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic and pedestrian-control signals as provided in Article 4
of this Chapter.
(c) At all other places, pedestrians shall be accorded the privileges and shall be subject to the
restrictions stated in this Chapter. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-6-20. Pedestrians’ right-of-way in crosswalks.
(a) When official traffic control devices are not in place or not in operation, the driver of a
vehicle shall yield the right-of-way, slowing down or stopping if need be to so yield to a pedestrian
crossing the roadway within a crosswalk when the pedestrian is upon the half of the roadway upon
which the vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half
of the roadway as to be in danger. This Subsection shall not apply under the conditions stated in
Section 8-6-30 below.
(b) No pedestrian shall suddenly leave a curb or other place of safety and walk or run into the
path of a moving vehicle which is so close as to constitute an immediate hazard.
(c) When a vehicle is stopped at a marked crosswalk or at any unmarked crosswalk at an
intersection to permit a pedestrian to cross the roadway, the driver of any other vehicle approaching
from the rear shall not overtake and pass such stopped vehicle.(d) When special pedestriancontrol
signals exhibiting “Walk” or “Don’t Walk” word or symbol indications are in place, as
declared in the traffic control manual, such signals shall indicate and require as follows:
(1) “Walk” (steady). While the “Walk” indication is steadily illuminated, pedestrians facing
such signal may proceed across the roadway in the direction of the signal indication and shall be
given the right-of-way by the drivers of all vehicles.
(2) “Don’t Walk” (steady). While the “Don’t Walk” indication is steadily illuminated, no
pedestrian shall enter the roadway in the direction of the signal indication.
(3) “Don’t Walk” (flashing). When the “Don’t Walk” indication is flashing, no pedestrian shall
start to cross the roadway in the direction of such signal indication, but any pedestrian who has
partly completed his or her crossing during the “Walk” indication shall proceed to a sidewalk or to
a safety island, and all drivers of vehicles shall yield to any such pedestrian.
(4) When a signal system provides for the stopping of all vehicular traffic and the exclusive
movement of pedestrians and “Walk” and “Don’t Walk” signal indications control such pedestrian
movement, pedestrians may cross in any direction between corners of the intersection offering the
shortest route within the boundaries of the intersection while the “Walk” indication is exhibited, if
the signals and other official traffic control devices direct pedestrian movement in such a manner
consistent with Subsection 8-6-30(d) below. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-6-30. Crossing at other than crosswalks.
(a) A pedestrian crossing a roadway at any point other than within a marked crosswalk or within
an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the
roadway.
(b) A pedestrian crossing a roadway at a point where a pedestrian tunnel or overhead pedestrian
crossing has been provided shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
(c) Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians
shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk.
(d) No pedestrian shall cross a roadway intersection diagonally unless authorized by an official
traffic control device; and, when authorized to cross diagonally, pedestrians shall cross only in
accordance with the official traffic control device pertaining to such crossing movements. (Ord.
2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-6-40. Pedestrian to use right half of crosswalk.
Pedestrians shall move whenever practicable upon the right half of crosswalks. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-6-50. Pedestrians walking or traveling in a wheelchair on highways.
(a) Pedestrians walking or traveling in a wheelchair along and upon highways where sidewalks
are not provided shall walk or travel only on a road shoulder as far as practicable from the edge of the
roadway. Where neither a sidewalk nor road shoulder is available, any pedestrian walking or
traveling in a wheelchair along and upon a highway shall walk as near as practicable to an outside
edge of the roadway and, in the case of a two-way roadway, shall walk or travel only on the left side
of the roadway facing traffic that may approach from the opposite direction; except that any person
lawfully soliciting a ride may stand on either side of such two-way roadway where there is a view of
traffic approaching from both directions.
(b) No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any
private vehicle. For the purposes of this Subsection, roadway means that portion of the road normally
used by moving motor vehicle traffic.
(c) It is unlawful for any person who is under the influence of alcohol, of any controlled
substance, as defined in Section 12-22-303(7), C.R.S., or of any stupefying drug to walk or be upon
that portion of any highway normally used by moving motor vehicle traffic.
(d) This Section shall also apply to riders of animals.
(e) Pedestrians shall only be picked up where there is adequate road space for vehicles to pull off
and not endanger and impede the flow of traffic.
(f) Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle making use of audible and
visual signals meeting the requirements of Article 2 of this Chapter or of a police vehicle properly and
lawfully making use of an audible signal only, every pedestrian shall yield the right-of-way to the
authorized emergency vehicle and shall leave the roadway and remain off the same until the
authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police officer. This
Subsection shall not relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to use care
as otherwise provided in this Chapter. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-6-60. Driving through safety zone prohibited.
No vehicle at any time shall be driven through or within a safety zone. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-6-70. Drivers to exercise due care.
Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this Chapter, every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due
care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway, shall give warning by sounding the
horn when necessary and shall exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any obviously
confused or incapacitated person upon a roadway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-6-80. Yielding to persons with disabilities.
Any pedestrian, other than a person in a wheelchair, or any driver of a vehicle who approaches a
person who has an obviously apparent disability of blindness, deafness or mobility impairment shall
immediately come to a full stop and take such precautions before proceeding as are necessary to
avoid an accident or injury to said person. A disability shall be deemed to be obviously apparent if,
by way of example and without limitation, the person is using a cane or crutches, is assisted by a
guide dog, service dog or hearing dog, is being assisted by another person, is in a wheelchair or is
walking with an obvious physical impairment. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 7
Turning and Stopping

Sec. 8-7-10. Required position and method of turning.
(a) The driver of a motor vehicle intending to turn shall do so as follows:
(1) Right turns. Both the approach for a right turn and a right turn shall be made as close as
practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway.
(2) Left turns. The driver of a vehicle intending to turn left shall approach the turn in the
extreme left-hand lane lawfully available to traffic moving in the direction of travel of such
vehicle. Whenever practicable, the left turn shall be made to the left of the center of the
intersection so as to leave the intersection or other location in the extreme left-hand lane lawfully
available to traffic moving in the same direction as such vehicle on the roadway being entered.
(3) Two-way left turn lanes. Where a special lane for making left turns by drivers proceeding
in opposite directions has been indicated by official traffic control devices, a left turn shall not be
made from any other lane, and a vehicle shall not be driven in said special lane except when
preparing for or making a left turn from or into the roadway or when preparing for or making a Uturn
when otherwise permitted by law.
(b) The Town may place official traffic control devices which require and direct that a different
course from that specified in this Section be traveled by turning vehicles and, when such devices are
so placed, no driver shall turn a vehicle other than as directed and required by such devices. (Ord.
2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-7-20. Limitations on turning around.
(a) No vehicle shall be turned so as to proceed in the opposite direction upon any curve or upon
the approach to or near the crest of a grade where such vehicle cannot be seen by the driver of any
other vehicle approaching from either direction within such distance as is necessary to avoid
interfering with or endangering approaching traffic.
(b) The driver of a vehicle shall not turn such vehicle at an intersection or any other location so
as to proceed in the opposite direction unless such movement can be made in safety and without
interfering with or endangering other traffic.
(c) The Town may erect “U-turn” prohibition or restriction signs at intersections or other
locations where such movements are deemed to be hazardous. Whenever official signs are so erected,
no driver of a vehicle shall disobey the instructions thereof. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-7-30. Turning movements and required signals.
(a) No person shall turn a vehicle at an intersection unless the vehicle is in proper position upon
the roadway as required in Section 8-8-10 of this Chapter, turn a vehicle to entera private road or

driveway or otherwise turn a vehicle from a direct course or move right or left upon a roadway unless
such movement can be made with reasonable safety, and then only after giving an appropriate signal
in the manner provided in Article 4 of this Chapter.
(b) A signal of intention to turn right or left shall be given continuously during not less than the
last one hundred (100) feet traveled by the vehicle before turning in urban or metropolitan areas and
shall be given continuously for at least two hundred (200) feet on all four-lane highways and other
highways where the prima facie or posted speed limit is more than forty (40) miles per hour. Such
signals shall be given regardless of existing weather conditions.
(c) No person shall stop or suddenly decrease the speed of a vehicle without first giving an
appropriate signal to the driver of any vehicle immediately to the rear when there is opportunity to
give such signal.
(d) The signals provided for in Article 4 of this Chapter shall be used to indicate an intention to
turn, change lanes or start from a parked position and shall not be flashed on one (1) side only on a
parked or disabled vehicle or flashed as a courtesy or “do pass” signal to operators of other vehicles
approaching from the rear. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 8
Driving, Overtaking and Passing

Sec. 8-8-10. Driving on right side; exceptions.
(a) Upon all roadways of sufficient width, a vehicle shall be driven upon the right half of the
roadway, except as follows:
(1) When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction under the
rules governing such movement;
(2) When an obstruction exists making it necessary to drive to the left of the center of the
highway; but any person so doing shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles traveling in the
proper direction upon the unobstructed portion of the highway within such distance as to
constitute an immediate hazard;
(3) Upon a roadway divided into three (3) lanes for traffic under the rules applicable thereon;
or
(4) Upon a roadway restricted to one-way traffic as indicated by official traffic control
devices.
(b) Upon all roadways, any vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time
and place and under the conditions then existing shall be driven in the right-hand lane then available
for traffic or as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except when
overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction or when preparing for a left
turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway.
(c) Upon any roadway having four (4) or more lanes for moving traffic and providing for twoway
movement of traffic, no vehicle shall be driven to the left of the center line of the roadway,
except when authorized by official traffic control devices designating certain lanes to the left side of
the center of the roadway for use by traffic not otherwise permitted to use such lanes or except as
permitted in Paragraph (a)(2) above. However, this Subsection does not prohibit the crossing of the
center line in making a left turn into or from an alley, private road or driveway when such movement
can be made in safety and without interfering with, impeding or endangering other traffic lawfully
using the highway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-20. Passing oncoming vehicles.
Drivers of vehicles proceeding in opposite directions shall pass each other to the right and, upon
roadways having width for not more than one (1) lane of traffic in each direction, each driver shall
give to the other at least one-half (1/2) of the main-traveled portion of the roadway as nearly as
possible. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-30. Overtaking a vehicle on the left.
The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles proceeding in the same
direction, subject to the limitations, exceptions and special rules otherwise stated in this Article:
(1) The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall
pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway
until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
(2) Except when overtaking and passing on the right as permitted, the driver of an overtaken
vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall
not increase the speed of his or her vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking vehicle.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-40. When overtaking on the right is permitted.
(a) The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass upon the right of another vehicle only under
the following conditions:
(1) When the vehicle overtaken is making or giving indication of making a left turn;
(2) On a street or highway with unobstructed pavement not occupied by parked vehicles and
marked for two (2) or more lanes of moving vehicles in each direction; or
(3) On a one-way street or upon any roadway on which traffic is restricted to one (1) direction
of movement where the roadway is free from obstructions and marked for two (2) or more lanes of
moving vehicles.
(b) The driver of a vehicle may overtake and pass another vehicle upon the right only under
conditions permitting such movement in safety. In no event shall such movement be made by driving
off the pavement or main-traveled portion of the roadway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-50. Limitations on overtaking on the left.
(a) No vehicle shall be driven to the left side of the center of the roadway in overtaking and
passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction unless authorized by the provisions of this
Chapter and unless such left side is clearly visible and is free of oncoming traffic for a sufficient
distance ahead to permit such overtaking and passing to be completed without interfering with the
operation of any vehicle approaching from the opposite direction or any vehicle overtaken. The
overtaking vehicle must return to an authorized lane of travel as soon as practicable and, if the
passing movement involves the use of a lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite
direction, before coming within two hundred (200) feet of any approaching vehicle.
(b) No vehicle shall be driven on the left side of the roadway when approaching or upon the crest
of a grade or a curve where the driver’s view is obstructed within such distance as to create a hazard
in the event another vehicle might approach from the opposite direction.
(c) The Town may determine those portions of any highway where overtaking and passing or
driving on the left side of the roadway would be especially hazardous and may by appropriate signs or
markings on the roadway indicate the beginning and end of such zones. Where such signs or
markings are in place to define a no-passing zone and such signs or markings are clearly visible to an
ordinarily observant person, no driver shall drive on the left side of the roadway within such nopassing
zone or on the left side of any pavement striping designed to mark such no-passing zone
throughout its length.
(d) The provisions of this Section shall not apply:
(1) Upon a one-way roadway;
(2) Under the conditions described in Paragraph 8-8-10(a)(2) above; or
(3) To the driver of a vehicle turning left into or from an alley, private road or driveway when
such movement can be made in safety and without interfering with, impeding or endangering other
traffic lawfully using the highway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-60. One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands.
(a) Upon a roadway restricted to one-way traffic, a vehicle shall be driven only in the direction
designated at all or such times as shall be indicated by official traffic control devices.
(b) A vehicle passing around a rotary traffic island shall be driven only to the right of such
island.
(c) The Town, with respect to highways under its jurisdiction, may designate any roadway, part
of a roadway or specific lanes upon which vehicular traffic shall proceed in one (1) direction at all or
such times as shall be indicated by official traffic control devices. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-70. Driving on roadways laned for traffic.
Whenever any roadway has been divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for traffic, the
following rules, in addition to all others consistent with this Section, shall apply:
(1) A vehicle shall be driven as nearly as practicable entirely within a single lane and shall not
be moved from such lane until the driver has first ascertained that such movement can be made
with safety.
(2) Upon a roadway which is divided into three (3) lanes and provides for two-way movement
of traffic, a vehicle shall not be driven in the center lane except when overtaking and passing
another vehicle traveling in the same direction where the roadway is clearly visible and such
center lane is clear of traffic within a safe distance, in preparation for a left turn, or where such
center lane is at the time allocated exclusively to the traffic moving in the direction the vehicle is
proceeding and is designated by official traffic control devices to give notice of such allocation.
Under no condition shall an attempt be made to pass upon the shoulder or any portion of the
roadway remaining to the right of the indicated right-hand traffic lane.
(3) Official traffic control devices may be erected directing specified traffic to use a
designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular direction
regardless of the center of the roadway, and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every
such device.
(4) Official traffic control devices may be installed prohibiting the changing of lanes on
sections of roadway, and drivers of vehicles shall obey the directions of every such device. (Ord.
2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-80. Following too closely.
(a) The driver of a motor vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is reasonable
and prudent, having due regard for the speed of such vehicles and the traffic upon and the condition
of the highway.
(b) The driver of a motor vehicle towing another vehicle when traveling upon a roadway outside
of a business or residence district and which is following another motor vehicle towing another
vehicle shall, whenever conditions permit, leave sufficient space so that an overtaking vehicle may
enter and occupy such space without danger; except that this shall not prevent a motor vehicle towing
another vehicle from overtaking and passing any like vehicle or other vehicle.
(c) Motor vehicles being driven upon any roadway outside of a business or residential district in
a caravan or motorcade, whether or not towing other vehicles, shall be operated so as to allow
sufficient space between each such vehicle or combination of vehicles so that any other vehicle can
enter and occupy such space without danger. This provision shall not apply to funeral processions.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-90. Coasting prohibited.
(a) The driver of a motor vehicle, when traveling upon a downgrade, shall not coast with the
gears or transmission of such vehicle in neutral.
(b) The driver of a truck or bus when traveling upon a downgrade shall not coast with the clutch
disengaged. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-8-100. Driving on divided highways.
When any highway has been divided into separate roadways by leaving an intervening space or by
a physical barrier or clearly indicated dividing section so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic,
every vehicle shall be driven only upon the right-hand roadway, unless directed or permitted to use
another roadway by official traffic control devices. No vehicle shall be driven over, across or within
any such dividing space, barrier or section except through an opening in such physical barrier or
dividing section or space or at a crossover or intersection as established, unless specifically prohibited
by official signs and markings. However, this Section does not prohibit a left turn across a median
island formed by standard pavement markings or other mountable or traversable devices when such
movement can be made in safety and without interfering with, impeding or endangering other traffic
lawfully using the highway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 9
Speed Regulations

Sec. 8-9-10. Speed limits.
(a) No person shall drive a vehicle on a highway at a speed greater than is reasonable and
prudent under the conditions then existing.
(b) Except when a special hazard exists that requires a lower speed, the following speeds shall be
lawful: Any speed not in excess of a speed limit designated by an official traffic control device.
(c) No driver of a vehicle shall fail to decrease the speed of such vehicle from an otherwise
lawful speed to a reasonable and prudent speed when a special hazard exists with respect to
pedestrians or other traffic or by reason of weather or highway conditions.
(d) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, any speed in excess of the lawful speeds set
forth in Subsection (b) above shall be prima facie evidence that such speed was not reasonable or
prudent under the conditions then existing. As used in this Subsection, prima facie evidence means
evidence which is sufficient proof that the speed was not reasonable or prudent under the conditions
then existing, and which will remain sufficient proof of such fact, unless contradicted and overcome
by evidence bearing upon the question of whether or not the speed was reasonable and prudent under
the conditions then existing.
(e) In every charge of violating this Section, the complaint, summons and complaint or penalty
assessment notice shall specify the speed at which the defendant is alleged to have driven and also the
alleged reasonable and prudent speed applicable at the specified time and location of the alleged
violation.
(f) The provisions of this Section shall not be construed to relieve the party alleging negligence
under this Section in any civil action for damages from the burden of proving that such negligence
was the proximate cause of an accident.
(g) The conduct of a driver of a vehicle which would otherwise constitute a violation of this
Section is justifiable and not unlawful when:
(1) It is necessary as an emergency measure to avoid an imminent public or private injury
which is about to occur by reason of a situation occasioned or developed through no conduct of
said driver and which is of sufficient gravity that, according to ordinary standards of intelligence
and morality, the desirability and urgency of avoiding the injury clearly outweigh the desirability
of avoiding the consequences sought to be prevented by this Section; or
(2) With respect to authorized emergency vehicles, the applicable conditions for exemption, as
set forth in this Section, exist.
(h) The minimum requirement for commission of a traffic offense under this Section is the
performance by a driver of prohibited conduct, which includes a voluntary act or the omission to
perform an act which said driver is physically capable of performing.
(i) It shall not be a defense to prosecution for a violation of this Section that:
(1) The defendant’s conduct was not performed intentionally, knowingly, recklessly or with
criminal negligence;
(2) The defendant’s conduct was performed under a mistaken belief of fact, including but not
limited to a mistaken belief of the defendant regarding the speed of the defendant’s vehicle; or
(3) The defendant’s vehicle has a greater operating or fuel-conserving efficiency at speeds
greater than the reasonable and prudent speed under the conditions then existing or at speeds
greater than the maximum lawful speed limit. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-9-20. Minimum speed regulation.
(a) No person shall drive a motor vehicle on any highway at such a slow speed as to impede or
block the normal and reasonable forward movement of traffic, except when a reduced speed is
necessary for safe operation of such vehicle or in compliance with law.
(b) When the Town determines, on the basis of an engineering and traffic investigation as
described in the state traffic control manual, that slow speeds on any part of a highway consistently
impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic, the Town may determine and declare a
minimum speed limit below which no person shall drive a vehicle, except when necessary for safe
operation or in compliance with law. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-9-30. Speed contests.
(a) No person shall engage in any motor vehicle speed or acceleration contest or exhibition of
speed or acceleration on a highway; and no person shall aid or abet any such motor vehicle speed or
acceleration contest or exhibition on any highway.
(b) No person shall, for the purpose of facilitating or aiding or as an incident to any motor
vehicle speed or acceleration contest upon a highway, in any manner obstruct or place any barricade
or obstruction or assist or participate in placing any such barricade or obstruction upon any highway.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 10
Parking

Sec. 8-10-10. Starting parked vehicle.
No person shall start a vehicle which is stopped, standing or parked unless and until such
movement can be made with reasonable safety. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-10-20. Abandoned, lost, stolen, junked, wrecked or discarded vehicles on public or
private property.
The Town hereby declares that the keeping of any partially wrecked, junked, inoperable or
unlicensed vehicle or parts thereof on any property within the Town is a nuisance. It shall be
unlawful for any person who is the owner of the any vehicle or any person who is in charge or control
of any property within the Town, whether as owner, tenant, occupant, lessee or otherwise, to permit
or allow any partially wrecked, junked, inoperable or unlicensed vehicles or parts thereof to remain
on such property. This Section shall not apply to:
(1) A vehicle in an enclosed building.
(2) A vehicle within a proper commercial or industrial zoning district.
(3) A vehicle in a storage place or depository maintained by the Town for impound vehicles.
(4) A vehicle entirely screened from public view by a fence that is at least six (6) feet in
height and well-maintained or by a well-maintained cover that was manufactured for the vehicle
that is screened from public view. Only one (1) vehicle is permitted for each residential address
located within the Town. (Ord. 95-6 §1; Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4)

Sec. 8-10-30. Parking on public property without owner’s permission.
It is unlawful for any person:
(1) To park any motor vehicle or trailer, whether or not such trailer is attached to a motor
vehicle, on any public property in the Town when an official sign has been posted prohibiting such
parking;
(2) To park any motor vehicle on any part of any public property in the Town, except a
roadway, driveway, alley or parking lot, without permission of the owner of such property; or
(3) With the intent to sell a motor vehicle or trailer, to park the motor vehicle or trailer on any
public property. The placing of a “For Sale” sign on a motor vehicle shall be prima facie evidence
of the person’s intent to sell the motor vehicle or trailer. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-10-40. Stopping, standing or parking prohibited in specified places.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, no person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle,
except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a
police officer or an official traffic control device, in any of the following places:
(1) On a sidewalk;
(2) Within an intersection;
(3) On a crosswalk;
(4) Between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within ten (10) feet of points on the curb
immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone, unless a different length is indicated by signs or
markings;
(5) Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction, if stopping, standing or parking
would obstruct traffic;
(6) On the roadway side of any vehicle stopped or parked at the edge of a curb of a street;
(7) In the area between roadways of a divided highway, including crossovers;
(8) Within five (5) feet of a public or private driveway;
(9) Within fifteen (15) feet of a fire hydrant;
(10) Within ten (10) feet of a crosswalk at an intersection;
(11) Within ten (10) feet of any flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign or traffic control signal
located on the side of a roadway;
(12) Within twenty (20) feet of the driveway entrance to any fire station;
(13) On a street within ten (10) feet of an alley; or
(14) At any other place where official signs prohibit parking, standing or stopping.
(b) No person shall move a vehicle not lawfully under his or her control into any such prohibited
area or away from a curb to such distance as is unlawful. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2001-8 §1)

Sec. 8-10-50. Parking at curb or edge of roadway.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Section, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a twoway
roadway shall be so stopped or parked with the right-hand wheels parallel to and within twelve
(12) inches of the right-hand curb or as close as practicable to the right edge of the right-hand
shoulder.
(b) Except as otherwise provided in this Chapter, every vehicle stopped or parked upon a oneway
roadway shall be so stopped or parked parallel to the curb or edge of the roadway in the direction
of authorized traffic movement, with its left-hand wheels within twelve (12) inches of the left-hand
curb or as close as practicable to the left edge of the left-hand shoulder.
(c) The Town may by ordinance permit angle parking on any roadway, except that angle parking
shall not be permitted on any state highway unless the Colorado Department of Transportation has
determined by resolution or order entered in its minutes that the roadway is of sufficient width to
permit angle parking without interfering with the free movement of traffic.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)
(d) Any vehicle stopped or parked upon a Town roadway, shall at all times display current
registrati9on on its rear license plate in a visible manner at all times, including any vehicle that is
covered with a car cover. (Ord. 2007-9)

Sec. 8-10-60. Unattended motor vehicle and parking on private property.
(a) No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without
first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key from the ignition and effectively
setting the brake thereon, and when standing upon any grade, said person shall turn the front wheels
to the curb or side of the highway in such a manner as to prevent the vehicle from rolling onto the
traveled way.
(b) No person shall park a motor vehicle on private property within the Town unless prior
arrangements with the owner or person who is in charge or control of said private property have been
made. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-10-70. Opening and closing doors.
No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and
until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other
traffic, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a
period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-10-80. Parking privileges for person with disabilities.
(a) As used in this Section, person with a disability has the meaning set forth in Section 42-3-
121(1), C.R.S.
(b) A vehicle with distinguishing license plates or an identifying placard may be parked in public
parking areas along public streets regardless of any time limitation imposed upon parking in such
area; except that such privilege need not apply to zones in which:
(1) Stopping, standing or parking of vehicles is prohibited;
(2) Only special vehicles may be parked; or
(3) Parking is not allowed during specific periods of the day in order to accommodate heavy
traffic.
(c) A person with a disability may park in a parking space identified as being reserved for use by
persons with disabilities, whether on public property or private property available for public use. A
placard or license plate issued to a person with a disability shall be displayed on the vehicle while
parked in such space.
(d) The owner of private property available for public use may request the installation of official
signs identifying parking spaces reserved for use by persons with disabilities. Such a request shall be
a waiver of any objection the owner may assert concerning enforcement of this Section by a peace
officer of any political subdivision of the State, and such officer is hereby authorized and empowered
to so enforce this Section, provisions of law to the contrary notwithstanding.
(e) Each parking space reserved for use by persons with disabilities, whether on public property
or private property, shall be marked with an official upright sign, which sign may be stationary or
portable, identifying such parking space as reserved for use by persons with disabilities.
(f) Persons with disabilities from states other than Colorado shall be allowed to use parking
spaces for persons with disabilities in Colorado so long as such persons have valid license plates or
placards from their home state.
(g) It is unlawful for any person other than a person with a disability to park in a parking space
on public or private property which is clearly identified by an official sign as being reserved for use
by persons with disabilities, unless such person is parking the vehicle for the benefit of a person with
a disability.
(h) Any person who is not a person with a disability and who exercises the privilege defined in
Subsection (b) above commits a traffic offense.
(i) Any person who is not a person with a disability and who uses a license plate or placard
issued to a person with a disability pursuant to Section 42-3-121(2), C.R.S., in order to receive the
benefits or privileges available to a person with a disability under this Section, commits a traffic
offense.
(j) Any law enforcement officer may check the identification of any person using a license plate
or placard for persons with disabilities in order to determine whether such use is authorized. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-10-90. Owner liability for parking violations.
In addition to any other liability provided for in this Chapter, the owner of a motor vehicle who is
engaged in the business of leasing or renting motor vehicles is liable for payment of a parking
violation fine unless the owner of the leased or rented motor vehicle can furnish sufficient evidence
that the vehicle was, at the time of the parking violation, in the care, custody or control of another
person. To avoid liability for payment, the owner of the motor vehicle is required, within a
reasonable time after notification of the parking violation, to furnish to the Town the name and
address of the person or company who leased, rented or otherwise had the care, custody or control of
such vehicle. As a condition to avoid liability for payment of a parking violation, any person or
company who leases or rents motor vehicles to another person shall attach to the leasing or rental
agreement a notice stating that, pursuant to the requirements of this Section, the operator of the
vehicle has the care, custody or control of the motor vehicle. The notice shall inform the operator that
the operator’s name and address shall be furnished to the Town when a parking violation fine is
incurred by the operator. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-10-100. Limitations on backing.
The driver of a vehicle, whether on public property or private property which is used by the
general public for parking purposes, shall not back the vehicle unless such movement can be made
with safety and without interfering with other traffic. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-10-110. Parking of trailers prohibited.
It is unlawful to park any trailer, semi-trailer or utility trailer which is not attached to a motor
vehicle on any public street or highway within the Town, regardless of whether such trailer, semitrailer
or utility trailer is properly licensed or registered. (Ord. 2002-1 §1)

ARTICLE 11
Other Offenses

Sec. 8-11-10. Reckless driving.
Any person who drives any motor vehicle, bicycle or motorized bicycle in such a manner as to
indicate either a wanton or willful disregard for the safety of persons or property is guilty of reckless
driving. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-20. Careless driving.
Any person who drives any motor vehicle, bicycle or motorized bicycle in a careless and
imprudent manner, without due regard for the width, grade, curves, corners, traffic and use of the
streets and highways and all other attendant circumstances, is guilty of careless driving. (Ord. 2001-4§1)

Sec. 8-11-30. Following fire apparatus prohibited.
The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus
traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than five hundred (500) feet or drive into or park such
vehicle within the block where fire apparatus has stopped in answer to a fire alarm. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-40. Crossing fire hose.
No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department used at any fire, alarm
of fire or practice runs or laid down on any street or private driveway without the consent of the fire
department official in command. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-50. Riding in trailers.
No person shall occupy a trailer while it is being moved upon a highway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-60. Foreign matter on highways prohibited.
(a) No person shall throw or deposit upon any highway any glass bottle, glass, stones, nails,
tacks, wire, cans or other substance likely to injure any person, animal or vehicle upon such highway.
(b) Any person who drops, or permits to be dropped or thrown, upon any highway or structure
any destructive or injurious material or lighted or burning substance shall immediately remove the
same or cause it to be removed.
(c) Any person removing a wrecked or damaged vehicle from a highway shall remove any glass
or other injurious substance dropped upon the highway from such vehicle.
(d) No person shall excavate a ditch or other aqueduct, construct any flume, pipeline, stream or
electric or other railway, or construct any approach to a public highway without written consent of the
authority responsible for the maintenance of that highway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-70. Spilling loads on highways prohibited.
No vehicle shall be driven or moved on any highway unless such vehicle is constructed or loaded
or the load thereof securely covered to prevent any of its contents from dropping, sifting, leaking or
otherwise escaping therefrom; except that sand may be dropped for the purpose of securing traction or
water or other substance may be sprinkled on a roadway in cleaning or maintaining such roadway.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-80. Operation of motor vehicles on property under control of or owned by districts.
It is unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle in an area owned or under the control of a
district if the district has declared the operation of motor vehicles to be prohibited in such area. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-90. Compulsory insurance.
(a) No owner of a motor vehicle required to be registered in the State shall operate the vehicle or
permit it to be operated on a highway when the owner has failed to have a complying policy or
certificate of self-insurance in full force and effect as required by Sections 10-4-705 and 10-4-716,
C.R.S.
(b) No person shall operate a motor vehicle on a highway without a complying policy or
certificate of self-insurance in full force and effect as required by Sections 10-4-705 and 10-4-716,
C.R.S.
(c) When an accident occurs, or when requested to do so following any lawful traffic contact or
during any traffic investigation by a peace officer, no owner or operator of a motor vehicle shall fail
to present to the requesting officer immediate evidence of a complying policy or certificate of selfinsurance
in full force and effect as required by Sections 10-4-705 and 10-4-716, C.R.S.
(d) Any person who violates the provisions of Subsection (a), (b) or (c) above commits a traffic
offense.
(e) Testimony of the failure of any owner or operator of a motor vehicle to present immediate
evidence of a complying policy or certificate of self-insurance in full force and effect as required by
Sections 10-4-705 and 10-4-716, C.R.S., when requested to do so by a peace officer, shall constitute
prima facie evidence, at a trial concerning a violation charged under Subsection (a) or (b) above, that
such owner or operator of a motor vehicle violated Subsection (a) or (b).
(f) No person charged with violating Subsection (a), (b) or (c) above shall be convicted if he or
she produces in court a bona fide complying policy or certificate of self-insurance which was in full
force and effect, as required by Sections 10-4-705 and 10-4-716, C.R.S., at the time of the alleged
violation. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-100. Use of earphones while driving.
No person shall operate a motor vehicle while wearing earphones. For purposes of this Section,
earphones includes any headset, radio, tape player or other similar device which provides the listener
with radio programs, music or other recorded information through a device attached to the head and
which covers all of or a portion of the ears. Earphones does not include speakers or other listening
devices which are built into protective headgear. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-110. Operation of bicycles and other human-powered vehicles.
(a) A person riding a bicycle shall have all of the rights and duties applicable to the driver of any
other vehicle under this Chapter, except as to special regulations in this Chapter and except as to
those provisions which by their nature can have no application.
(b) No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one (1) time than the number for which it is
designed or equipped.
(c) No person riding upon any bicycle shall attach the same or himself or herself to any motor
vehicle upon a roadway.
(d) A person riding a bicycle shall ride in the right-hand lane. When being overtaken by another
vehicle, such person shall ride as close to the right-hand side as practicable. Where a paved shoulder
suitable for bicycle riding is present, persons operating bicycles shall ride on the paved shoulder.
These provisions shall apply, except under any of the following situations:
(1) When overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle proceeding in the same direction;
(2) When preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway;
(3) When reasonably necessary to avoid hazardous conditions, including but not limited to
fixed or moving objects, parked or moving vehicles, pedestrians, animals or surface hazards.
(e) Persons operating bicycles on roadways shall ride single-file; except that riding no more than
two (2) abreast is permitted in the following circumstances:
(1) When there is no motor vehicle traffic approaching from the rear within a distance of three
hundred (300) feet and the sight distance on the roadway at the time and place and under the
conditions then existing is a minimum of three hundred (300) feet to the front and to the rear of the
bicyclists; or
(2) When riding on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
Persons riding two (2) abreast shall ride within a single lane.
(f) A person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one (1) hand on the handlebars at all times.
(g) A person riding a bicycle and intending to turn left shall approach the turn as closely as
practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway. After proceeding across the intersecting
roadway to the far corner of the curb or intersection of the roadway edges, the bicyclist shall stop, as
much as practicable, out of the way of traffic. After stopping, the bicyclist shall yield to any traffic
proceeding in either direction along the roadway that the bicyclist had been using. After yielding and
complying with any official traffic control device or police officer regulating traffic on the highway
along which the bicyclist intends to proceed, the bicyclist may proceed in the new direction.
(h) Notwithstanding any provisions of this Section to the contrary, the Town may place official
traffic control devices on roadways and thereby require and direct that a specific course be traveled.
(i) Except as otherwise provided in this Subsection, every person riding a bicycle shall signal his
or her intention to turn or stop in accordance with the provisions of Section 8-7-30 of this Chapter. A
signal of intention to turn right or left when required shall be given continuously during not less than
the last one hundred (100) feet traveled by the bicycle before turning and shall be given while the
bicycle is stopped waiting to turn. A signal by hand and arm need not be given continuously if the
hand is needed in the control or operation of the bicycle.
(j) A person riding a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk or across a roadway upon and along a
crosswalk shall:
(1) Yield the right-of way to any pedestrian and give an audible signal before overtaking and
passing such pedestrian.
(2) Comply with official traffic control devices.
(3) Have all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances.
(4) Dismount before entering any roadway and, when crossing any such roadway, observe all
the rules and regulations applicable to pedestrians.
(k) A person may park a bicycle on a sidewalk unless prohibited or restricted by an official
traffic control device; except that a bicycle parked on a sidewalk shall not impede the normal and
reasonable movement of pedestrian or other traffic.
(l) A bicycle may be parked on the road at any angle to the curb or edge of the road at any
location where parking is allowed.
(m) A bicycle may be parked on the road abreast of another bicycle or bicycles near the side of
the road or any location where parking is allowed in such a manner as does not impede the normal
and reasonable movement of traffic.
(n) In all other respects, bicycles parked anywhere on a highway shall conform to the provisions
of this Chapter regulating the parking of vehicles. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-120. Eluding or attempting to elude a police officer.
The operator of a motor vehicle who the officer has reasonable grounds to believe has violated a
state law or municipal ordinance, who has received a visual or audible signal such as a red light or a
siren from a police officer driving a marked vehicle showing the same to be an official police, sheriff
or Colorado State Patrol car directing the operator to bring the operator’s vehicle to a stop, and who
willfully increases his or her speed or extinguishes his or her lights in an attempt to elude such police
officer, willfully attempts in any other manner to elude the police officer, or does elude such police
officer, commits a traffic offense. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-130. Moving construction-related equipment.
Pursuant to Section 42-4-202(4), C.R.S., each exempt vehicle, motor vehicle, trailer or item of
mobile machinery, self-propelled construction equipment or similar implement of equipment used in
any type of construction business may be moved on the roads, streets and highways during daylight
hours and at such time as vision is not less than five hundred (500) feet. No cargo or supplies shall be
hauled upon such exempt item except cargo and supplies used in normal operation of any such item.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-11-140. School buses.
(a) The driver of a vehicle upon any highway, road or street, upon meeting or overtaking from
either direction any school bus which has stopped, shall stop his or her vehicle before reaching such
school bus if there are in operation on said school bus visual signal lights as specified in Subsection
(b) below, and said driver shall not proceed until the visual signal lights are no longer being actuated;
however, in the case of small passenger-type vehicles operated as school buses having a seating
capacity of not more than fifteen (15), no such visual signal lights need be displayed or actuated.
(b) The driver of any school bus who observes a violation of Subsection (a) above shall notify his
or her school district transportation dispatcher. The school bus driver shall provide the school district
transportation dispatcher with the color, basic description and license plate number of the vehicle
involved in the violation, information pertaining to the identity of the alleged violator, and the time
and the approximate location at which the violation occurred. Any school district transportation
dispatcher who has received information by a school bus driver concerning a violation of this Section
shall provide such information to the appropriate law enforcement agency.
(c) An officer may issue a citation on the basis of the information supplied to it pursuant to
Subsection (b) above to the driver of the vehicle involved in the violation.
(d) Every school bus, other than a small passenger-type vehicle having a seating capacity of not
more than fifteen (15), used for the transportation of schoolchildren shall bear upon the front and rear
thereof plainly visible and legible signs containing the words “SCHOOL BUS” in letters not less than
eight (8) inches in height, shall display four (4) visual signal lights, which shall be two (2) alternating
flashing red lights visible to the drivers of vehicles approaching from the front of said bus and two (2)
alternating flashing red lights visible to the drivers of vehicles approaching from the rear of said bus,
and may also display four (4) additional visual signal lights which shall be yellow signal lights
mounted near each of the four (4) red lights and at the same level but closer to the vertical center line
of the bus and which shall be alternately flashing with two (2) visible to the front and two (2) visible
to the rear. These visual signal lights shall be mounted as high as practicable, shall be as widely
spaced laterally as practicable, and shall be located on the same level. These lights shall have
sufficient intensity to be visible at five hundred (500) feet in normal sunlight.
(e) When a school bus is equipped only with red visual signal lights, they shall be actuated by the
driver of said school bus whenever such vehicle is stopped for the purpose of receiving or discharging
schoolchildren and at no other time; but such signs need not be actuated when any said school bus is
stopped at locations where the local traffic regulatory authority has by prior written designation
declared such actuation unnecessary.
(f) A school bus shall be exempt from the provisions of Subsection (b) above when stopped for
the purpose of discharging or loading passengers who require the assistance of a lift device only when
no passenger is required to cross the roadway. Such buses shall stop as far to the right off the
roadway as possible to reduce obstruction to traffic.
(g) When a school bus is equipped with alternating flashing yellow lights in addition to the red
lights and when the use of a signal light system is required, the yellow lights shall be actuated at least
two hundred (200) feet prior to the point at which such bus is to be stopped for the purpose of
receiving or discharging schoolchildren, and the red lights shall be actuated only at the time the bus is
actually stopped. On or after January 1, 1976, all school buses required to be equipped shall be
equipped with such visual signal light systems as provided in this Section.
(h) Every school bus used for the transportation of schoolchildren, except those small passengertype
vehicles described in Subsection (a) above, may be equipped and, on and after January 1, 1976,
shall be equipped, with a stop signal arm mounted outside the bus on the left, alongside the driver and
below the window. Such stop signal arm shall be a flat octagon with the word “STOP” printed on
both sides in such a manner as to be easily visible to persons approaching from either direction. The
stop signal arm shall contain two (2) alternately flashing red lamps which are connected to the
alternating flashing signal system described in Subsection (d) above, and the stop signal arm shall be
extended only when the red visual signal lights are in operation.
(i) The driver of a vehicle upon a highway with separate roadways need not stop upon meeting
or passing a school bus which is on a different roadway. For the purposes of this Section, highway
with separate roadways means a highway that is divided into two (2) or more roadways by a
depressed, raised or painted median or other intervening space serving as a clearly indicated dividing
section or island.
(j) Every school bus shall stop as far to the right off the roadway as possible before discharging
or loading passengers and, when possible, shall not stop where the visibility is obscured for a distance
of two hundred (200) feet either way from the bus. The driver of a school bus which has stopped
shall allow time for any vehicles which have stopped behind the school bus to pass the school bus, if
such passing is legally permissible where the school bus is stopped, after the school bus’s visual
signal lights, if any, are no longer being displayed or actuated and after all children who have
embarked or disembarked from the bus are safe from traffic.
(k) The provisions of this Section shall not apply to public transportation programs for pupil
transportation pursuant to Section 22-55-104(1)(c), C.R.S. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 12
Motorcycles

Sec. 8-12-10. Traffic laws apply to persons operating motorcycles; special permits.
(a) Every person operating a motorcycle shall be granted all the rights and shall be subject to all
of the duties applicable to the driver of any other vehicle under this Chapter, except as to special
regulations in this Chapter and except as to those provisions of this Chapter which by their nature can
have no application.
(b) For the purposes of a prearranged organized special event and upon showing that safety will
be reasonably maintained, the Colorado Department of Transportation may grant a special permit
exempting the operation of a motorcycle from any requirement of this Article. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-12-20. Riding on motorcycles.
(a) A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached
thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a
motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one (1) person, in which event a
passenger may ride upon the permanent seat if designed for two (2) persons or upon another seat
firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.
(b) A person shall ride upon a motorcycle only while sitting astride the seat, facing forward, with
one (1) leg on either side of the motorcycle.
(c) No person shall operate a motorcycle while carrying packages, bundles or other articles
which prevent the person from keeping both hands on the handlebars.
(d) No operator shall carry any person nor shall any person ride in a position that will interfere
with the operation or control of the motorcycle or the view of the operator. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)
Sec. 8-12-30. Operating motorcycles on roadways laned for traffic.

(a) Motorcycles are entitled to full use of a traffic lane, and no motor vehicle shall be driven in
such a manner as to deprive any motorcycle of the full use of a traffic lane. This Subsection shall not
apply to motorcycles operated two (2) abreast in a single lane.
(b) The operator of a motorcycle shall not overtake or pass in the same lane occupied by the
vehicle being overtaken.
(c) No person shall operate a motorcycle between lanes of traffic or between adjacent lines or
rows of vehicles.
(d) Motorcycles shall not be operated more than two (2) abreast in a single lane.
(e) Subsections (b) and (c) above shall not apply to police officers in the performance of their
official duties. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-12-40. Clinging to other vehicles.
No person riding upon a motorcycle shall attach himself or herself or the motorcycle to any other
vehicle on a roadway. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 13
Traffic Administration

Sec. 8-13-10. Duties of Police Department.
(a) The Police Department shall enforce the provisions of this Chapter and the state vehicle laws
applicable to traffic in the Town, make arrests for traffic violations, investigate traffic accidents,
cooperate with the Traffic Engineer and/or other Town officials in the administration of this Chapter
and in developing ways and means to improve traffic conditions, and carry out those duties specially
imposed by this Chapter.
(b) The Police Department shall investigate traffic accidents occurring within the Town either by
investigation at the time of or at the scene of the accident or thereafter by interviewing participants or
witnesses; issue summonses and penalty assessment notices for traffic violations in connection with
traffic accidents; and assist in the prosecution of those persons charged with violations of laws or
ordinances causing or contributing to accidents. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-13-20. Traffic accident reports.
The Police Department shall obtain from the State standard forms for accident reports and thereon
shall report sufficiently detailed information to disclose with reference to a traffic accident which has
been investigated by said Police Department or concerning which said Police Department has
received notification of the contributing circumstances, conditions then existing and the persons and
vehicles involved. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 14
Penalties and Procedures

Sec. 8-14-10. Penalties.
(a) It is a traffic offense for any person to violate any provision of this Chapter.
(b) Any person pleading guilty to or convicted of a violation of
any provision of this Chapter for which no specific fine or penalty
is provided shall be punished by a fine of not more than nine
hundred ninety-nine dollars ($999.00), by imprisonment for a
period of time not to exceed one hundred eighty days (180) days,
or by both such fine and imprisonment. THE FINE IMPOSED BY
THIS SECTION SHALL BE MANDATORY, AND THE
MUNICIPAL COURT SHALL NOT SUSPEND OR STAY THE
EXECUTION OF SAID FINE, IN WHOLE OR IN PART.
(c) MANDATORY FINES IMPOSED BY SECTION (B) ABOVE SHALL BE
CALCULATED BASED ON THE FOLLOWING MINIMUM PER POINT DOLLAR
AMOUNTS BUT SHALL NOT EXCEED NINE HUNDRED NINETY-NINE
DOLLARS ($999.00):
1. THIRTY DOLLARS ($30.00) PER POINT
IF THE DEFENDANT HAS NOT BEEN CONVICTED OF
ANY TRAFFIC OFFENSES IN THE PAST TWELVE (12)
MONTHS.
2. THIRTY-FIVE DOLLARS ($35.00) PER
POINT IF THE DEFENDANT HAS BEEN CONVICTED
OF ONE (1) TRAFFIC OFFENSE IN THE PAST TWELVE
(12) MONTHS.
(3) FORTY DOLLARS ($40.00) PER POINT
IF THE DEFENDANT HAS BEEN CONVICTED OFMORE THAN ONE ( 1 )
TRAFFIC OFFENSE IN THE PAST TWELVE (12) MONTHS.
(4) FINES MAY BE INCREASED BEYOND
THE MINIMUM PER POINT DOLLAR AMOUNTS SET
FORTH ABOVE BASED ON THE DEFENDANT’S
DRIVING HISTORY, CRIMINAL HISTORY OR
CIRCUMSTANCE OF THE CASE BUT SHALL NOT BE
REDUCED, STAYED OR SUSPENDED.
5. FINES SHALL BE BASED UPON THE
POINT VALUE OF THE ORIGINAL CHARGE, RATHER
THAN ANY AMENDED OR REDUCED CHARGE
ENTERED AS A RESULT OF A PLEA AGREEMENT
(d) Fines and costs shall be paid to, receipted by and accounted for by the Court Clerk. (Ord.
2001-4§1;Ord.2007-4§1;Ord.2009-1)
(e) Fines and costs shall be paid to the Court Clerk

Sec. 8-14-20. Parties to a crime.
Every person who commits, conspires to commit or aids or abets in the commission of any act
declared in this Chapter to be a traffic offense, whether individually or in connection with one (1) or
more other persons or as principal, agent or accessory, is guilty of such offense or liable for such
offense, and every person who falsely, fraudulently, forcibly or willfully induces, causes, coerces,
requires, permits or directs another to violate any provision of this Chapter is likewise guilty of such
offense or liable for such offense. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-30. Offenses by persons controlling vehicles.
It is unlawful for the owner or any other person employing or otherwise directing the driver of any
vehicle to require or to knowingly permit the operation of such vehicle upon a highway in any manner
contrary to law or this Chapter. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-40. Person arrested to be taken before proper court.
(a) When a person is arrested for any violation of this Chapter, the arrested person shall be taken
without unnecessary delay before the Municipal Court in any of the following cases:
(1) When a person arrested demands an appearance without unnecessary delay before a judge.
(2) When the person is arrested and charged with an offense under this Chapter causing or
contributing to an accident resulting in injury or death to any person.
(3) When the person is arrested upon a charge of failure to stop in the event of an accident
causing death, personal injuries or damage to property.
(4) Reckless driving.
(5) Exceeding the speed limit by more than nineteen (19) miles per hour.
(6) Exhibition of speed or speed contest.
(7) In any other event when the provisions of this Article apply and the person arrested refuses
to give his or her written promise to appear in Court.
(b) When a person is arrested by a police officer for any violation of this Chapter and is not
required to be taken before the Municipal Court as provided in Subsection (a) above, the arrested
person shall, in the discretion of the officer, either be given a written notice or summons to appear in
Municipal Court or be taken without unnecessary delay before the Municipal Court when the arrested
person does not furnish satisfactory evidence of identity or when the officer has reasonable and
probable grounds to believe the person will disregard a written promise to appear in Court.
(c) The Municipal Court shall provide a bail bond schedule and available personnel to accept
adequate security for such bail bonds. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-50. Juveniles.
(a) No child convicted of a violation of any provision of this Chapter shall be sentenced to
imprisonment or assessed any fine greater than four hundred ninety-nine dollars ($499.00) as a part of
the sentence for such conviction. This Section is intended to ensure that any traffic offense
committed by a juvenile in the Town and under the jurisdiction of the Municipal Court is considered a
noncriminal offense.
(b) Pursuant to Section 13-10-113(5), C.R.S., a child arrested for an alleged violation of this
Chapter, convicted of violating probation conditions imposed by the Municipal Court or found in
contempt of court in connection with a violation or alleged violation of this Chapter shall not be
confined in a jail, lockup or other place used for the confinement of adult offenders, but may be held
in a juvenile detention facility operated by or under contract with the State or a temporary holding
facility operated by or under contract with a municipal government which shall receive and provide
care for such child. The Municipal Court imposing penalties for violation of probation conditions or
for contempt of court in connection with a violation or alleged violation of this Chapter may confine a
child pursuant to Section 19-2-508, C.R.S., for up to forty-eight (48) hours in a juvenile detention
facility operated by or under contract with the State.
(c) For purposes of this Section, child means any person under eighteen (18) years of age. (Ord.
2001-4 §1; Ord. 2004-3 §1)

Sec. 8-14-60. Service of summons and complaint or penalty assessment notice.
(a) When a person commits a violation of this Chapter other than a violation for which a penalty
assessment notice may be issued and such person is not required to be arrested and taken without
unnecessary delay before a Municipal Judge, the officer may issue and serve upon the defendant a
summons and complaint which shall contain the name and address of the defendant, the license
number of the vehicle involved, if any, the number of the defendant’s driver’s license, if any, a citation
of the section alleged to have been violated, a brief description of the offense, the date and
approximate location thereof, and the date the summons and complaint is served on the defendant.
The summons and complaint shall direct the defendant to appear in a specified court at a specified
time and place, shall be signed by the officer and shall contain a place for the defendant to execute a
written promise to appear at the time and place specified in the summons portion of the summons and
complaint.
(b) If an officer issues and serves a summons and complaint to appear in Municipal Court upon
the defendant as described in Subsection (a) above, any defect in form in such summons and
complaint regarding the name and address of the defendant, the license number of the vehicle
involved, if any, the number of the defendant’s driver’s license, if any, the date and approximate
location thereof, and the date the summons and complaint is served on the defendant, may be cured
by amendment at any time prior to trial or any time before verdict or findings upon an oral motion by
the prosecuting attorney after notice to the defendant and an opportunity for a hearing. No such
amendment shall be permitted if a substantial right of the defendant is prejudiced. No summons and
complaint shall be considered defective so as to be cause for dismissal solely because of a defect in
form in such summons and complaint.
(c) When a penalty assessment notice for a traffic offense is issued, the penalty assessment notice
served upon the defendant by the officer shall contain the name and address of the defendant, the
license number of the vehicle involved, if any, the number of the defendant’s driver’s license, if any, a
citation of the section alleged to have been violated, a brief description of the offense, the date and
approximate location thereof, the amount of the penalty prescribed for such offense, the amount of
surcharge thereon, the number of points, if any, prescribed for such offense pursuant to Section 42-2-
127, C.R.S., and the date the penalty assessment notice is served on the defendant; shall direct the
defendant to appear in a specified Municipal Court at a specified time and place in the event such
penalty thereon is not paid; shall be signed by the peace officer; and shall contain a place for such
defendant to elect to execute a signed acknowledgment of guilt and an agreement to pay the penalty
prescribed on or before the assigned court appearance date, as well as such other information as may
be required by Town ordinance and C.M.C.R. to constitute such penalty assessment notice to be a
summons and complaint, should the prescribed penalty thereon not be paid within the time allowed
by ordinance or court order.
(d) One (1) copy of the penalty assessment notice shall be served upon the defendant by the
officer and one (1) copy sent to the Municipal Court Clerk.
(e) The time specified in the summons portion of a summons and complaint must be at least ten
(10) days after the date such summons and complaint is served, unless the defendant demands an
earlier court appearance date.
(f) The time specified in the summons portion of a penalty assessment notice shall be at least
thirty (30) days but not more than ninety (90) days after the date such penalty assessment notice is
served, unless the defendant demands an earlier court appearance date.
(g) If the defendant is otherwise eligible to be issued a summons and complaint or a penalty
assessment notice for a violation of this Chapter punishable as a traffic offense and if the defendant
does not possess a valid Colorado driver’s license, the defendant, in order to secure release, shall
execute a promise to appear in Court on the penalty assessment notice or on the summons and
complaint. If the defendant does possess a valid Colorado driver’s license, the defendant shall not be
required to execute a promise to appear on the penalty assessment notice or on the summons and
complaint. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-70. Penalty assessment notice for traffic offenses.
(a) When a penalty assessment notice for a traffic offense is issued, the penalty assessment notice
served upon the defendant by the peace officer shall contain the name and address of the defendant,
the license number of the vehicle involved, if any, the number of the defendant’s driver’s license, if
any, a citation of the statute alleged to have been violated, a brief description of the traffic offense, the
date and approximate location thereof, the amount of the penalty prescribed for such traffic offense,
the amount of the surcharge thereon, the number of points, if any, prescribed for such traffic offense
pursuant to Section 42-2-127, C.R.S., and the date the penalty assessment notice is served on the
defendant; shall direct the defendant to appear in a specified county court at a specified time and
place in the event such penalty and surcharge thereon is not paid; shall be signed by the peace officer;
and shall contain a place for the defendant to elect to execute a signed acknowledgment of liability
and an agreement to pay the penalty prescribed and surcharge thereon within twenty (20) days; as
well as such other information as may be required by law to constitute such penalty assessment notice
to be a summons and complaint should the prescribed penalty and surcharge thereon not be paid
within the time allowed as set by ordinance or court order.
(b) One (1) copy of the penalty assessment notice shall be served upon the defendant by the
officer and one (1) copy sent to the supervisor of the Motor Vehicle Division and such other copies
sent as may be required by rule or regulation of the Motor Vehicle Division to govern the internal
administration of this Chapter between the Motor Vehicle Division and the Colorado State Patrol.
(c) The time specified in the summons portion of a penalty assessment notice must be at least
thirty (30) days but not more than ninety (90) days after the date such penalty assessment notice is
served, unless the defendant demands an earlier hearing.
(d) When the defendant refuses to accept service of a penalty assessment notice, tender of such
notice by the officer to the defendant shall constitute service thereof upon the defendant. (Ord. 2001-
4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-80. Failure to pay penalty for traffic offenses; procedures.
(a) Unless a person who has been cited for a traffic offense pays the penalty assessment as
provided in this Article, such person shall appear at a hearing on the date and time specified in the
citation and answer the complaint against such person.
(b) If judgment is entered against a violator, the violator shall be assessed an appropriate penalty
and surcharge thereon. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)
(c) Whenever an arrest warrant is issued by the Town of Mountain View Municipal Court
authorizing the arrest of a defendant for failure to appear in court of failure to comply with an
adjudicated penalty imposed by the Mountain view Municipal Court, a warrant fee of eighty dollars
($80.00) may be assessed, which fee may be amended from time to time by resolution of the town
Council and which fee must be paid by th defendant in addition to any previously or subsequently
imposed fine, penalty, or fee. This fee is in addition to, and not in lieu of, any applicable fines,
penalties, jury fees, witness fees, deferred judgment fees, contempt fines, surcharges or appeal bonds.
(Ord. 2007-6)

Sec. 8-14-90. Compliance with promise to appear.
A written promise to appear in Court may be complied with by an appearance by legal counsel.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-100. Procedures prescribed not exclusive.
The procedures prescribed in this Chapter shall not be exclusive of any other method prescribed
by law for the arrest and prosecution of a person for an offense or infraction. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-110. Convictions, judgments and charges recorded.
(a) The Municipal Court shall keep a full record of every case in which a person is charged with
any violation of this Chapter.
(b) Within ten (10) days after entry of a judgment, conviction or forfeiture of bail of a person
upon a charge of violating any provision of this Chapter, the Judge or Court Clerk shall prepare and
immediately forward to the Motor Vehicle Division an abstract of the record of said Court covering
every case in which said person had a judgment entered against him or her, was so convicted or
forfeited bail, which abstract must be certified by the person so required to prepare the same to be true
and correct.
(c) The abstract shall be made upon a form furnished by the State and shall include the name,
address and driver’s license number of the party charged, the registration number of the vehicle
involved, the nature of the offense, the date of hearing, the plea, the judgment or bail forfeited and the
amount of the fine or forfeiture. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-120. Notice to appear or pay fine; failure to appear; penalty.
Tender by an arresting officer of the summons or penalty assessment notice shall constitute notice
to the violator to appear in Court at the time specified on such summons or to pay the required fine
and surcharge thereon. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

Sec. 8-14-130. Conviction; attendance at driver improvement school.
When a person has been convicted of violating any provision of this Chapter or other law
regulating the operation of vehicles on highways, the Municipal Court may, in addition to the penalty
provided for the violation or as a condition of either the probation or the suspension of all or any
portion of any fine or sentence of imprisonment for a violation, require the defendant, at his or her
own expense, if any, to attend and satisfactorily complete a course of instruction at any designated
driver improvement school. Unless otherwise provided by law, such school shall be approved by the
Municipal Court. (Ord. 2001-4 §1)

ARTICLE 15
Restrictions on Use of Certain Vehicles

Sec. 8-15-10. Definitions.
The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this Article, shall have the meanings
ascribed to them in this Section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
Motor vehicle means any self-propelled vehicle which is designed primarily for travel on the
public highways and which is generally and commonly used to transport persons and property
over the public highways.
One-hundred-year floodplain is that area specifically defined by maps and charts located in the
Planning Department.
Permit means a letter, on official stationery of the Town, which sets out the authorization to
use specific property for the operation of certain motor vehicles and recreational vehicles within
the Town.
Recreational vehicle means any self-propelled wheeled or tracked vehicle primarily designed
to be operated for recreational purposes on land, or on land and water, other than roads; and motor
scooters, motor bicycles, trail bikes, mini bikes, tote-goats, dune buggies, go-carts, snowmobiles
and all-terrain vehicles. (Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-15-20. Restrictions on use.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to operate any licensed or unlicensed motor vehicle or
recreational vehicle, whether registered or unregistered, in any of the following places, unless the
property is posted for the specific use of motor vehicles and recreational vehicles as a recreational
area:
(1) On any public property within the Town, unless such operation is specifically authorized
by the Town or County. This provision shall not prevent the operation of motorized vehicles on
public property by a public employee or agent for the purpose of maintaining, repairing or
patrolling the property;
(2) On any park land or other property located within the Town and owned or maintained by
any recreation or park district, except upon roadways specifically designated for the operation of
motor vehicles, unless such operation is specifically authorized by the district and a permit has
been obtained therefor;
(3) On any property located within the Town and owned or maintained by a school district or
any college or university, except upon roadways specifically designated for the operation of motor
vehicles, except where such operation is specifically authorized by the superintendent or chief
executive officer of the school or school district or his or her designee and a permit has been
obtained therefor. This prohibition shall not apply to the movement of school buses or other
vehicles duly authorized to be operated or moved in or upon any school grounds;
(4) On any railroad right-of-way;
(5) On any private property within the Town, except by the property owner only, unless the
property is conspicuously posted at least every two hundred fifty (250) feet designating the
property as a motor vehicle and recreational vehicle area or park. The Town may issue a permit
for such use and may set out rules and regulations for the usage that may be in the best interest of
the health, safety and welfare of the users and the citizens of the Town. The permit shall set forth
the effective date of the use, hours of the use, the name of the property owner or his or her agent,
and any specific conditions attached to the permit. A copy of the order is to be delivered to the
Town prior to the effective date of the authorization, together with a telephone number where the
property owner or his or her agent may be reached on a twenty-four-hour basis;
(6) On any other publicly or privately owned parks, ball fields, recreation areas, bike trails,
horse trails, lake areas, easements, sidewalks or areas dedicated to or commonly used for
pedestrian traffic; or
(7) On any gulch, dry creek bed, drainage way or one-hundred-year floodplain.
(b) Nothing in this Section is intended to prevent the lawful operation of any motor vehicle or
recreational vehicle on any public street, highway or alley in accordance with other applicable Town
ordinances and state statutes.
(c) It is unlawful for any person knowingly to allow the use of his or her property in a manner
prohibited by this Section or to allow such use without the proper authorization or permit required by
this Section. Each day of use in a manner prohibited by this Section or without a proper authorization
or permit shall constitute a separate offense. (Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-15-30. Minors acting in violation; duty of parent.
It is unlawful for the parent or legal guardian of any person under the age of eighteen (18) to
permit such minor to act in violation of the provisions of this Article. (Ord. 2007-4 §1)

Sec. 8-15-40. Penalty.
Any person who is convicted of, or pleads guilty or no contest to, a violation of this Article shall
be punished by a fine not to exceed four hundred ninety-nine dollars ($499.00). (Ord. 2007-4 §1)

ARTICLE 16
Impoundment and Disposition of Vehicles

Sec. 8-16-10. Authority for impoundment; vehicles deemed public nuisances.
In addition to the circumstances that justify the removal of a vehicle
under state law, the chief of police and the chief of police’s
designees may have removed at their direction a vehicle from any
public or private way or place under any of the circumstances
hereinafter enumerated, the Town Council hereby finding and
determining that such vehicles under such circumstances constitute
a public nuisances.
(a) When the driver of a vehicle is driving without an operator’s
license or chauffeur’s license which is current and valid; or when
the driver does not have such license in the driver’s immediate
possession; or when the driver drives a vehicle contrary to, beyond,
or outside of the restrictions or limitations imposed upon the license
by the State; or when the driver drives a vehicle while their
operator’s or chauffeur’s license has been denied, suspended,
canceled, revoked, or restrained by the state.
(b) When the driver of a vehicle is driving without motor
vehicle liability insurance as required by state law;
(c) When the driver of a vehicle is driving without valid vehicle
registration as required by state law.

Sec. 8-16-20. Costs, Bond and Retrieval.
(a) The Town’s designation of an impound lot or lots shall occur
from time to time by resolution of Town Council. Also by
resolution of Town Council, impound charges shall be amended
from time to time to reflect the actual rates imposed by the Town’s
designated impound lot.
(b) No vehicle removed and impounded shall be released until
the charges for impoundment and storage have been paid in full to
the Town’s designated impound lot.
(c) In addition to paying the charges for impoundment and
storage described in (b) above, except as provided in subsection (e)
of this section, the release of a motor vehicle impounded as
provided in Section 8-16-10 shall require that a $200.00 cash bond
be posted within thirty (30) days of impoundment in favor of the
Town of Mountain View along with a $100.00 non-refundable bond
fee paid in cash. If the cash bond and bond fee are not paid within
thirty (30) days, the motor vehicle shall be subject to disposal at the
designated Town impound lot’s discretion and according to law.
(d) The Town shall hold securely the bond described in
subsection (b) above for a period of one (1) year. During that year,
the bond shall be forfeited if the same vehicle is again involved in
any of the offenses enumerated in Section 8-16-10 in Colorado.
After one (1) year, unless forfeiture has occurred, the bond shall be
returned minus a $50.00 bond release fee deducted from the bond
amount.
(1) Upon release of the bond, the bond amount, less the
bond release fee, shall be made available for pick-up by the
vehicle’s owner at Town Hall. Notification of such shall be
sent via certified mail to the vehicle’s owner of record. The
bond amount shall be forfeited to the Town if not redeemed
in the ninety (90) days following the vehicle owner’s receipt
of notice.
(2) If a vehicle that has been released pursuant to a cash
bond imposed by subsection (c) above is involved in any of
the offenses enumerated in Section 8-16-10 within the year
and within the Town, forfeiture of the first bond described in
section (d) above shall occur, and the vehicle shall again be
impounded. At that time, release of the motor vehicle shall
require that a $400.00 cash bond be posted within thirty (30)
days of impoundment in favor of the Town of Mountain
View along with a $100.00 non-refundable bond fee paid in
cash. If the cash bond and bond fee are not paid within thirty
(30) days, the motor vehicle shall be subject to disposal at
the designated Town impound lot’s discretion and according
to law.
(e) The charges for impoundment and storage described in
subsection (b) above shall continue to apply, but the requirement for
the posting of a bond as set forth in subsection (c) of this section
shall not apply in the following situations:
(1) The operator of the vehicle provides satisfactory
proof of holding a valid driver’s license.
(2) The vehicle is released to a lienholder presently
entitled to possession of the vehicle rather than to the vehicle
owner and the lienholder attests in writing under penalty of
perjury that the lienholder does not intend to return the
vehicle to the person or persons who owned the vehicle at
the time the vehicle was impounded as provided in Section
8-16-10 unless otherwise required to do so by law;
(2) The vehicle was reported as stolen and subsequently
recovered and impounded by the police;
(3) The vehicle is a rental vehicle that is released to an
owner engaged in the business of renting or leasing of
automotive vehicles;
(f) Whenever an officer or employee of the Town impounds a
vehicle, as authorized by this Article, the chief of police or the chief
of police’s designee shall make a good faith effort to ascertain, if
possible, whether or not the vehicle has been reported stolen. If the
vehicle has been reported stolen, the officer or employee shall
immediately notify the Town’s designated impound lot, which shall
take steps to notify its rightful owner as required by law. The
Town’s impound lot shall have the right to recover from the
vehicle’s owner its reasonable costs to recover and secure the
vehicle.
(Article 16 added by Ord. 2010-4)

ARTICLE 17
Vehicle Impound Hearings.

Sec. 8-17-10. Definitions.
The following definitions shall apply for purposes of this Article:
(a) Claimant: means any person who claims any legal or equitable
interest or right of possession in a vehicle and seeks the release of the vehicle
from impoundment, including but not limited to all owners and lienors. In the
event that the vehicle already has been redeemed from impoundment, the
term means the person who paid the charges to redeem the vehicle from
impoundment, seeks reimbursement of the charges, and presents the receipt
from the Town’s designated impound lot showing payment of those charges.
(b) Impound, impounded, or impoundment: These terms mean the
seizure and retention of a vehicle by the Town of Mountain View under
circumstances where claimants of the vehicle cannot regain possession of the
vehicle without paying towing, storage or other charges. The terms include
towing and retention of vehicles where release of the vehicle is conditioned
upon the payment of certain charges established in Article 16 of this Chapter
8. The Town’s seizure, temporary custody, towing, and movement of a
vehicle from one place to another alone does not constitute an impoundment.
The seizure, towing, movement, taking of a vehicle into the custody of the
Town’s designated impound by direction from the Town does not constitute
an impoundment if the claimant is free to retake possession of the vehicle
without paying any charges. The terms do not include the seizure, taking into
custody, immobilization, movement, towing, and retention of a vehicle for
investigation of a crime, as evidence of a crime, or under the authority of
Title 16, Article 13, Colorado Revised Statutes.
(c) Notice of right to hearing: means the notice of right to hearing
mailed or hand delivered by the Town of Mountain View and any documents
attached thereto.
(d) Notice of impoundment: means the notice of impoundment mailed or
hand delivered by the Town of Mountain View that describes the vehicle, the
charges, and the date the vehicle was redeemed or the date by which the
vehicle must be redeemed in order to prevent it from being sold or destroyed.
(e) Redeem: means to obtain the release and redelivery of an impounded
vehicle at the Town’s designated impound lot or other location and may
include the payment of charges.
(f) Vehicle: includes any motor vehicle as defined in Title 42, Colorado
Revised Statutes.

Sec. 8-17-20. Vehicle Impoundment Hearing Officers; Hearings
(a) The Town Council shall appoint by resolution one (1) or more
vehicle impoundment hearing officers to conduct non-judicial
administrative vehicle impoundment hearings under the terms of this
Article. Vehicle impoundment hearing officers shall serve at the pleasure of
Town Council and may be the Judge of the Mountain View Municipal
Court but need not be and need not have legal training or experience.
(b) Vehicle impoundment hearing officers are hereby granted the
authority to hold non-judicial administrative vehicle impoundment hearings
under the terms, conditions and limitations of this Article in order to
determine whether any vehicle impounded by the Town of Mountain View
was impounded with probable cause to do so under the Town of Mountain
View Municipal Code. The vehicle impoundment hearing officer’s authority
to conduct such hearings shall extend only to cases in which the vehicle was
impounded for the reasons enumerated in Section 8-16-10(a)-(c) of this
Code.
(c) Vehicle impoundment hearings shall be administrative and not
judicial in nature. Hearings shall be held by the vehicle impoundment
hearing officer without a jury and no claimant shall have the right to object
to the hearing being conducted by the vehicle impoundment hearing officer
or have any such hearing before any judge, magistrate, or other judicial
officer.
(d) The vehicle impoundment hearing officers have the following
powers with reference to vehicle impoundment hearings:
(1) To conduct hearings as provided in this Article;
(2) To take sworn testimony, receive exhibits, and hear
argument;
(3) To determine whether jurisdiction under this Article exists;
(4) To determine the issues set out in Section 8-17-40 below;
(5) To administer oaths to witnesses and maintain a record of
the proceedings at all such hearings;
(6) To issue written decisions as to whether jurisdiction exists
under this Article and on the issues set out in Section 8-17-40 below;
(7) To perform any act required or authorized under this Article;
and
(8) Any other powers that may be reasonably necessary to carry
out the powers granted above.

Sec. 8-17-30. Jurisdiction to hold vehicle impoundment hearing.
The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall have jurisdiction to
hold a hearing under this Article only where: (1) the vehicle was
“impounded” as that term is specifically defined in this Article; (2) the
claimant has received a notice of impoundment and a notice of right to
hearing by mail or by hand delivery; and (3) the claimant sets a hearing
within the time specified in the notice of right to hearing. In the event that the
claimant is a person who has paid the charges to redeem a vehicle and seeks
reimbursement of those charges, the claimant must set the hearing within the
time specified in the notice of hearing.

Sec. 8-17-40. Issues and determinations at hearings.
(a) The only issues at the hearings provided in Section 18-17-20 shall
be: (1) whether jurisdiction exists under the terms of this Chapter; (2)
whether the claimant is the owner of the vehicle or is presently entitled to
possession, or in the event that the vehicle has already been redeemed, is a
person who paid the charges to redeem the vehicle from impoundment and
holds a receipt showing payment of those charges; and (3) whether there
existed, at the time the vehicle was impounded, probable cause to impound
the vehicle for any of the reasons enumerated in Section 8-16-10(a)-(c) of
this Code. The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall not address any
other issue at the hearings, nor permit the claimants to do so. The vehicle
impoundment hearing officer shall not reduce or modify towing, impound,
and storage charges already accrued or yet to accrue.
(b) If the vehicle impoundment hearing officer determines that
jurisdiction does not exist under this Chapter, the hearing shall be concluded.
If the hearing officer finds that jurisdiction does exist, the hearing officer
shall then proceed to determine whether the claimant is the owner or
presently entitled to possession of the vehicle, or in the event that the vehicle
already has been redeemed, is the person who paid the charges to redeem the
vehicle from impoundment and holds a receipt showing payment of those
charges.
(c) If the vehicle impoundment hearing officer determines that the
claimant is not the owner or presently entitled to possession of the vehicle, or
in the event that the vehicle already has been redeemed, is not the person
who paid the charges to redeem the vehicle from impoundment or does not
hold a receipt showing payment of those charges, the vehicle impoundment
hearing officer shall rule for the Town and the hearing shall be concluded. If
the vehicle impoundment hearing officer determines that the claimant is the
owner or presently entitled to possession of the vehicle, or in the event that
the vehicle has already been redeemed, is the person who paid the charges to
redeem the vehicle from impoundment and holds a receipt showing payment
of those charges, the vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall then proceed
to resolve whether the impoundment was lawful as described below.
(d) If the vehicle impoundment hearing officer determines that there
existed, at the time the vehicle was impounded, probable cause for
impoundment for any of the reasons enumerated in Section 8-16-10(a)-(c) of
this Code, the vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall rule for the Town,
and against the claimant. If the vehicle impoundment hearing officer rules for
the Town and the vehicle has not already been redeemed, the vehicle
impoundment hearing officer shall inform the claimant that the vehicle may
be redeemed at the Town’s designated impound lot or other location upon
payment of all charges shown in the notice of impoundment, plus any new
charges that have accrued or may yet accrue, and that the vehicle may be sold
or destroyed according to law if the vehicle is not redeemed before the date
shown on the notice of impoundment.
(e) If the vehicle impoundment hearing officer determines that there did
not exist, at the time the vehicle was impounded, probable cause for
impoundment of the vehicle for any of the reasons enumerated in Section 8-
16-10(a)-(c) of this Code, the vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall rule
for the claimant, and against the Town. If the vehicle impoundment hearing
officer rules for the claimant, the vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall
direct the claimant to redeem the vehicle at the Town’s designated impound
lot or other location within forty-eight (48) hours, excluding Saturdays,
Sundays and holidays, free of charges. If the claimant fails to redeem the
vehicle within that time, new charges may accrue that must be paid before
the vehicle can be redeemed. If the vehicle impoundment hearing officer
rules for the claimant, and the claimant has already redeemed the vehicle, the
vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall inform the claimant that he or she
is entitled to refund of the charges paid to redeem the impounded vehicle.
(f) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall not enter findings or
orders as to any other issues of fact or law, including but not limited to the
validity of charges, the amount of charges, the validity of or constitutionality
of ordinances or statutes, or the validity of police or other administrative
holds placed on the vehicle.

Sec. 8-17-50. Issuance, service, and enforcement of subpoenas.
(a) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall issue subpoenas and
subpoenas duces tecum to compel the attendance of witnesses with or
without tangible items to vehicle impoundment hearings. Subpoenas shall be
issued under the seal of the Mountain View Municipal Court and the
signature of any clerk or judge of the Municipal Court. The vehicle
impoundment hearing officer shall issue subpoenas when a hearing has been
set and subpoenas have been requested by the Town or the claimant to any
vehicle that is the subject of a hearing. Such request must be made in
compliance with the provisions of this Article and any rules or procedures
promulgated hereunder.
(b) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall mail or deliver the
issued subpoenas to the party requesting them. The party requesting the
subpoenas shall be solely responsible for serving the subpoena on the witness
along with witness fees and mileage at least forty-eight (48) hours before the
hearing in accordance with the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure and the
Colorado Revised Statutes.
(c) It shall be the duty of all persons served with a subpoena under the
provisions of this section to appear and testify at the hearing and to bring
with them the books, papers and tangible things specified in the subpoena.
Failure to appear or failure to produce the books, papers, and tangible things
specified in the subpoena shall constitute a contempt of the Mountain View
Municipal Court.
(d) If a witness properly served with a subpoena under the provisions of
this section fails to appear or fails to bring with him or her the books, papers,
and tangible things specified in the subpoena, the party requesting the
subpoena may request one continuance of the hearing, which may or may not
be granted in the sole discretion of the vehicle impoundment hearing officer.

Sec. 8-17-60. Rules and procedures for vehicle impoundment hearings.
At all hearings and proceedings conducted under the provisions of this
Article, the following rules shall apply:
(a) The hearings shall be informal. The Municipal Rules of Procedure
and other judicial rules shall not apply.
(b) The hearings shall be brief. The vehicle impoundment hearing
officer shall control the presentation of testimony, exhibits, and argument to
ensure that it is relevant and brief. Except in the most unusual circumstances,
no hearing should exceed fifteen (15) minutes.
(c) The rules of evidence shall not apply. The vehicle impoundment
hearing officer may admit whatever evidence the vehicle impoundment
hearing officer determines to be relevant to the issues and reasonably
trustworthy. All other evidence shall be excluded.
(d) Claimants and the Town may be represented by legal counsel.
(e) The standard of proof shall be a preponderance of the evidence.
(f) The claimant shall have the burden of proving: (1) that jurisdiction
exists; and (2) that he or she is the owner or presently entitled to possession
of the vehicle, or in the event that the vehicle has already been redeemed, is
the person who paid the charges to redeem the vehicle from impoundment.
These issues shall be determined in the following sequence. First, jurisdiction
shall be determined. Only if it is determined that jurisdiction exists will the
hearing officer proceed further. Second, the hearing officer shall determine
whether the claimant is the owner or presently entitled to possession of the
vehicle, or in the event that the vehicle already has been redeemed, is the
person who paid the charges to redeem the vehicle from impoundment. Only
if it is determined that the claimant is the owner or presently entitled to
possession, or is the person who paid the charges to redeem the vehicle from
impoundment, will the vehicle impoundment hearing officer proceed further.
Finally, the hearing officer shall determine whether probable cause for the
impoundment existed at the time of the impoundment.
(g) The Town shall have the burden of proving that there existed, at the
time the vehicle was impounded, probable cause to impound the vehicle for
any of the reasons enumerated in Section 8-16-10(a)-(c) of this Code.
(h) Ordinarily, the Town will carry its burden of proof not by the
presentation of witnesses, but by the presentation of sworn documents
showing why the vehicle was impounded. These documents shall be accepted
into evidence without further foundation or sponsorship by any witness. The
Town or the Town’s designated impound lot may transmit facsimile copies
of documents to the vehicle impoundment hearing officer before the hearing.
These copies shall be accepted into evidence in the same manner as originals.
A sworn document stating the reason the vehicle was impounded shall
constitute prima facie evidence that probable cause for a lawful
impoundment existed at the time the vehicle was impounded if the stated
reason for impoundment constitutes grounds for impoundment for any of the
reasons enumerated in Section 8-16-10(a)-(c) of this Code.
(i) The Town may elect to appear at the hearing solely through
documents.
(j) Any claimant who wishes to cross-examine the officer or Town
employee who impounded the vehicle or was otherwise involved in the
impoundment may subpoena the officer to the hearing by (1) setting a
hearing; and (2) obtaining the name of the Town officers or employees
responsible for impoundment of the vehicle from the vehicle impoundment
hearing officer; and (3) obtaining subpoenas from the vehicle impoundment
hearing officer; and (4) serving the subpoenas along with witness fees and
mileage on the officer or employee at least forty-eight (48) hours before the
hearing in accordance with the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure and the
Colorado Revised Statutes.
(k) The claimant and the Town may present testimony and exhibits
relevant to the issues.
(l) All testimony shall be taken under an oath administered by the
vehicle impoundment hearing officer.
(m) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall keep a tape recorded
record of the proceedings.
(n) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall issue a written
decision containing findings of fact and law immediately after the hearing,
and shall provide the claimant and the Town’s designated impound lot with a
copy of the decision. The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall retain
the original of the decision as part of the file and the record.
(o) Claimants may submit briefs, summaries, or other writings if
relevant to the issues.
(p) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall not entertain any
motions. The issues shall be strictly limited to those specified in Section 8-
17-30 above.
(q) No hearing shall be set, scheduled or held unless the claimant does
so within the time period specified in the notice of right to hearing mailed or
hand delivered to him or her.
(r) Hearings shall be set by the claimant or his attorney telephoning or
personally appearing at the office of the vehicle impoundment hearing
officer. Attorneys shall submit their written entry of appearance containing
their name, address, telephone number, and Colorado Supreme Court
Registration Number. No appearance by attorney shall be permitted until
such an entry of appearance has been filed. No person may appear on behalf
of or as the representative of any other person unless licensed to practice law
within the State of Colorado and an entry of appearance is submitted.
(s) The claimant’s failure to appear at the hearing, either in person or by
attorney, constitutes a default and the vehicle impoundment hearing officer
shall enter a decision for the Town. The Town’s failure to appear at the
hearing, either through its attorney, employee, or through documents shall
constitute a default. The hearing officer may enter a default against the Town
and in favor of the claimant for the Town failure to appear, but only if the
claimant appears and carries his burden of proving (1) that jurisdiction exists;
and (2) that the claimant is the owner or presently entitled to possession of
the vehicle or paid the charges for redemption of the vehicle. In the event that
both the claimant and the Town fail to appear, the hearing officer shall enter
a default against the claimant.
(t) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer may question any witness
including the claimant and may call the claimant and any other person
present as a witness, unless that witness or the testimony elicited is privileged
as provided by law.
(u) Claimants may examine any documents in the vehicle impoundment
hearing officer’s file at the time of the hearing including all documents sent to
the hearing by the Town. Claimants may also obtain the name of the officers
or other Town employees responsible for the impound in order to subpoena
them. This is the only discovery permitted.
(v) In order to set a hearing, the claimant or his attorney must telephone
or personally appear at the office of the vehicle impoundment hearing
officer. The hearing shall set for a hearing within ten (10) calendar days of
the setting. If the claimant wishes to obtain subpoenas, the claimant must set
a hearing and request them at the time of the setting. No hearing shall be set
more than ten (10) days after the setting.
(w) The claimant is solely responsible for personal service of subpoenas
on the witnesses. The claimant is solely responsible for enforcement of the
subpoena.
(x) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer, his or her staff, and Town
employees shall not mediate, plea-bargain, or negotiate any case.
(y) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall not obtain or accept
any communication from any person, nor examine any document from any
source, concerning the merits of the case until the hearing, except as may be
necessary to set the matter for hearing, issue subpoenas, obtain
documentation from the Town, or to perform other administrative functions.
(z) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall not form or express
any opinion as to the merits or outcome of the case until after the hearing has
been completed.
(aa) A decision against any individual claimant is final and binding as to
that claimant, but shall not bind other claimants to the same vehicle.
(bb) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall maintain a file on
each such hearing consisting of at least all documents provided by the Town
or the Town’s designated Impound Lot, all documents submitted by the
claimant, the vehicle impoundment hearing officer’s decision, and a reference
to the tape recording for the hearing.
(cc) The vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall have the right to
control the hearing and the conduct of all persons who appear at the hearing.
Any party who fails, neglects or refuses to comply with the hearing officer’s
orders, or who engages in any conduct which disrupts the conduct of any
hearing or the administration of any act or duty authorized or required under
this Article shall have a default judgment entered against them.
(dd) Claimants and attorneys shall appear in person at the hearing and not
by telephone or other electronic means.
(ee) In the event that the vehicle already has been redeemed, proof that a
person paid the charges to redeem the vehicle shall be made by presenting
the receipt from the Town’s designated impound lot showing payment of the
charges for that vehicle.
(ff) The Judge for the Town of Mountain View Municipal Court may
promulgate supplementary rules and procedures for the conduct of hearings
and administration of this Article, but all such supplementary rules and
procedures shall be consistent with the provisions of this Article and shall not
place any unreasonable limit on the powers and authority granted in this
Article. All supplementary rules and procedures shall be made available to
the public at Town Hall.

Sec. 8-17-70. Decision of vehicle impoundment hearing officer final appeal.
The decision of the vehicle impoundment hearing officer shall be final
and subject only to appeal to the district court under Rule 106, Colorado
Rules of Civil Procedure. The appealing party shall be solely responsible for
obtaining, transmitting, and paying the costs for preparation of the record
from the vehicle impoundment hearing. Any such appeal under Rule 106
action must be filed in the district court and served upon the vehicle
impoundment hearing officer or Municipal Court clerk within thirty (30)
days of the written decision of the vehicle impoundment hearing officer. No
other appeal, review, hearing, or hearing de novo shall be permitted.
(Article 17 added by Ord. 2010-4)

APPENDIX 8-A
Traffic Control Schedules

SCHEDULE I
Through Streets
In accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and when official signs are erected giving notice
thereof, drivers of vehicles shall stop or yield as required by said signs at every intersection before
entering any of the following streets or parts of streets:

Name of Street Portion Affected (Terminal Limits)
Ames St. W. 41st Ave. North and Southbound
Ames St. W. 43rd Ave. North and Southbound
Ames St. W. 44th Ave. Northbound
Benton St. W. 41st Ave. North and Southbound
Benton St. W. 43rd Ave. North and Southbound
Benton St. W. 44th Ave. Northbound
Chase St. W. 41st Ave. 4-way
Chase St. W. 43rd Ave. 4-way
Chase St. W. 44th Ave. Northbound
Depew St. W. 41st Ave. North and Southbound
Depew St. W. 43rd Ave. North and Southbound
Depew St. W. 44th Ave. Northbound
Eaton St. W. 41st Ave. 4-way
Eaton St. W. 43rd Ave. 4-way
Eaton St. W. 44th Ave. Northbound
Fenton St. W. 41st Ave. 4-way
Sheridan Blvd. W. 43rd Ave. Eastbound
4300 Block – Alley Sheridan Blvd. and Ames St. Northbound
W. 44th Ave. & Sheridan Blvd. Eastbound W. 44th Ave. to Southbound Sheridan Blvd.

(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

SCHEDULE II
Decreased and Increased Speed Limits
In accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and when official signs are erected giving notice
thereof, the speed limit shall be as specified for the following intersections or approaches thereto and
upon the following streets or portions thereof:

Street or Intersection

 Portion Affected (Terminal Limits) Speed Limit
Ames St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 20 mph – North and Southbound
Benton St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 20 mph – North and Southbound
Chase St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 20 mph – North and Southbound
Depew St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 20 mph – North and Southbound
Eaton St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 20 mph – North and Southbound
Sheridan Blvd. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 35 mph – Southbound
W. 41st Ave. Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. 25 mph – East and Westbound
W. 43rd Ave. Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. 20 mph – East and Westbound
W. 44th Ave. Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. 35 mph – Eastbound
All Alleys Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. from W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 10 mph – North and Southbound

(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

SCHEDULE III
Parking Prohibited at All Times on Certain Streets
In accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and when official signs are erected giving notice
thereof, no person shall at any time park a vehicle upon any of the following described streets or parts
of streets:
Name of Street Portion Affected (Terminal Limits)
Sheridan Blvd. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave.
W. 43rd Ave. – North side Sheridan Blvd. to alley between Sheridan Blvd. and Ames St.
W. 44th Ave. Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

SCHEDULE IV
Parking Limited on Certain Streets
In accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and when official signs are erected giving notice
thereof, no person shall at any time park a vehicle upon any of the streets or parts of streets as
follows:
Name of Street Portion Affected (Terminal Limits)
Eaton St. In front of 4165 Eaton St. – Fire zone.
W. 41st Ave. – North side Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. – No parking on pavement.
W. 43rd Ave. Sheridan Blvd. to alley between Ames St. and Sheridan
Blvd. – Handicapped only.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1; Ord. 2007-4 §1)

SCHEDULE V
Right Turn on Steady Red Signals Prohibited
In accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and when official signs are erected giving notice
thereof, no driver shall make a right turn on a steady red signal at the following intersections in the
directions and at the times indicated below:
Intersection Direction of Right Turn Prohibited
Times
Prohibited
W. 41st Ave. and Sheridan Blvd. Eastbound W. 41st Ave. to Southbound Sheridan Blvd. All
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

SCHEDULE VI
Weight Limitations Upon Vehicles Using Certain Streets
In accordance with the provisions of this Chapter and when official signs are erected giving notice
thereof, no person shall operate a vehicle with a weight in excess of the amounts specified herein at
any time upon the following streets or parts of streets:
Name of Street Portion Affected (Terminal Limits) Thousand-Pound Limit
Ames St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 6,000
Benton St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 6,000
Chase St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 6,000
Depew St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 6,000
Eaton St. W. 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 6,000
Fenton St. W 41st Ave. to W. 44th Ave. 6,000
W. 41st Ave. Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. 6,000
W. 43rd Ave. Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. 6,000
All Alleys Sheridan Blvd. to Fenton St. from W. 41st Ave. to W.
44th Ave.
6,000
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)

SCHEDULE VII
Traffic Signals Authorized
In accordance with the provisions of this Chapter, traffic control signals are authorized to regulate
traffic at the following named locations:
Street or Intersection
W. 41st Ave. and Sheridan Blvd.
W. 44th Ave. and Fenton St.
W. 44th Ave. and Sheridan Blvd.
5500 block of W. 44th Ave.
(Ord. 2001-4 §1)
Updated 6/26/09